This lesson allows students to practice working with equivalent ratios, tables that represent them, and associated unit rates in the familiar context of speed, time, and distance. Students use unit rates (speed or pace) and ratios (of time and distance) to find unknown quantities (e.g., given distances and times, find a constant speed or pace; and given a speed or pace, solve problems about distance and time).
- Calculate unit rates that represent speed or pace, use them to determine unknown distances or elapsed times, and explain (orally) the solution method.
- Interpret a verbal (written) description of a situation involving two objects moving at constant speeds, and create a diagram or table to represent the situation.
Let’s investigate constant speed some more.
Consider checking in advance whether there is a rail trail in your community, about which you could tell students during the Picnics on A Rail Trail activity.
- I can solve more complicated problems about constant speed situations.
Pace is one way to describe how fast something is moving. Pace tells how much time it takes the object to travel a certain distance.
For example, Diego walks at a pace of 10 minutes per mile. Elena walks at a pace of 11 minutes per mile. Elena walks slower than Diego, because it takes her more time to travel the same distance.
Speed is one way to describe how fast something is moving. Speed tells how much distance the object travels in a certain amount of time.
For example, Tyler walks at a speed of 4 miles per hour. Priya walks at a speed of 5 miles per hour. Priya walks faster than Tyler, because she travels more distance in the same amount of time.
The unit price is the cost for one item or for one unit of measure. For example, if 10 feet of chain link fencing cost \$150, then the unit price is \(150 \div 10\), or \$15 per foot.
A unit rate is a rate per 1.
For example, 12 people share 2 pies equally. One unit rate is 6 people per pie, because \(12 \div 2 = 6\). The other unit rate is \(\frac16\) of a pie per person, because \(2 \div 12 = \frac16\).