Lesson 16

Finding Cone Dimensions

Let’s figure out the dimensions of cones. 

16.1: Number Talk: Thirds

For each equation, decide what value, if any, would make it true.

\(27=\frac13h\)

\(27=\frac13r^2\)

\(12\pi=\frac13\pi a\)

\(12\pi=\frac13\pi b^2\)

16.2: An Unknown Radius

The volume \(V\) of a cone with radius \(r\) is given by the formula \(V=\frac13 \pi r^2h\).

A cone. The radius is labeled "r" and the height is labeled "3."

The volume of this cone with height 3 units and radius \(r\) is \(V=64\pi\) cubic units. This statement is true:

\(\displaystyle 64\pi =\frac13 \pi r^2 \boldcdot 3\) What does the radius of this cone have to be? Explain how you know.

16.3: Cones with Unknown Dimensions

A cone with dotted lines to represent height, diameter, and radius

Each row of the table has some information about a particular cone. Complete the table with the missing dimensions.

diameter (units) radius (units) area of the base (square units) height (units) volume of cone (cubic units)
4 3
\(\frac{1}{3}\) 6
\(144\pi\) \(\frac14\)
20 \(200\pi\)
12 \(64\pi\)
3 3.14

 



frustum is the result of taking a cone and slicing off a smaller cone using a cut parallel to the base.

A frustrum, a a small circle centered above a larger circle, similar to a cone but without a point.

Find a formula for the volume of a frustum, including deciding which quantities you are going to include in your formula.

16.4: Popcorn Deals

A movie theater offers two containers:

Two popcorn containers. First, cone, diameter 12 centimeters, height 19 centimeters. Second, cylinder, diameter 8 centimeters, height 15 centimeters.

Which container is the better value? Use 3.14 as an approximation for \(\pi\).

Summary

As we saw with cylinders, the volume \(V\) of a cone depends on the radius \(r\) of the base and the height \(h\):

\(\displaystyle V=\frac13 \pi r^2h\)

If we know the radius and height, we can find the volume. If we know the volume and one of the dimensions (either radius or height), we can find the other dimension.

For example, imagine a cone with a volume of \(64\pi\) cm3, a height of 3 cm, and an unknown radius \(r\). From the volume formula, we know that

\(\displaystyle 64 \pi = \frac{1}{3}\pi r^2 \boldcdot 3\)

Looking at the structure of the equation, we can see that \(r^2 = 64\), so the radius must be 8 cm.

Now imagine a different cone with a volume of \(18 \pi\) cm3, a radius of 3 cm, and an unknown height \(h\). Using the formula for the volume of the cone, we know that

\(\displaystyle 18 \pi = \frac{1}{3} \pi 3^2h\)

so the height must be 6 cm. Can you see why?

Glossary Entries

  • cone

    A cone is a three-dimensional figure like a pyramid, but the base is a circle.

  • cylinder

    A cylinder is a three-dimensional figure like a prism, but with bases that are circles.

  • sphere

    A sphere is a three-dimensional figure in which all cross-sections in every direction are circles.