# Lesson 8

Percent Increase and Decrease with Equations

In this lesson, students represent situations involving percent increase and percent decrease using equations. They write equations like $$y = 1.06x$$ to represent growth of a bank account, and use the equation to answer questions about different starting amounts. They write equations like $$t - 0.25t = 12$$ or $$0.75t=12$$ to represent the initial price $$t$$ of a T-shirt that was \$12 after a 25% discount. The focus of this unit is writing equations and understanding their connection to the context. In a later unit on solving equations the focus will be more on using equations to solve problems about percent increase and percent decrease. When students repeatedly apply a percent increase to a quantity and see that this operation be expressed generally by an equation, they engage in MP8. ### Learning Goals Teacher Facing • Explain (orally and in writing) how to calculate the original amount given the new amount and a percentage of increase or decrease. • Generate algebraic expressions that represent a situation involving percent increase or decrease, and justify (orally) the reasoning. ### Student Facing Let’s use equations to represent increases and decreases. ### Learning Targets ### Student Facing • I can solve percent increase and decrease problems by writing an equation to represent the situation and solving it. ### CCSS Standards Building On Addressing Building Towards ### Glossary Entries • percentage decrease A percentage decrease tells how much a quantity went down, expressed as a percentage of the starting amount. For example, a store had 64 hats in stock on Friday. They had 48 hats left on Saturday. The amount went down by 16. This was a 25% decrease, because 16 is 25% of 64. • percentage increase A percentage increase tell how much a quantity went up, expressed as a percentage of the starting amount. For example, Elena had$50 in the bank on Monday. She had $56 on Tuesday. The amount went up by$6.

This was a 12% increase, because 6 is 12% of 50.