Lesson 8

Interpreting and Creating Graphs

The practice problem answers are available at one of our IM Certified Partners

Problem 1

The graphs show the distance, \(d\), traveled by two cars, A and B, over time, \(t\). Distance is measured in miles and time is measured in hours. 

Which car traveled slower? Explain how you know.

Lines A and B on coordinate plane.

Problem 2

Here are descriptions of four situations in which the volume of water in a tank is a function of time. Match each description to a corresponding graph.

Graph 1

Graph on coordinate plane, no grid, Origin O. V shaped graph, line begins on Y axis, Vertex points down.

Graph 2

Graph on coordinate plane, no grid, Origin O. Line begins at origin, moves upwards and to right. Steeper second segment.

Graph 3

Graph on coordinate plane, no grid, Origin O. V shaped graph, line begins on at origin, Vertex points up.

Graph 4

Graph on coordinate plane, no grid, Origin O. Line begins at origin, moves upwards and to right, decreases briefly, then increases again.

Problem 3

Clare describes her morning at school yesterday: “I entered the school on the first floor, then walked up to the third floor and stayed for my class for an hour. Afterwards, I had an hour-long class in the basement, and after that I went back to the ground level and sat outside to eat my lunch."

Sketch a possible graph of her height from the ground floor as a function of time.

Blank coordinate plane, no grid. Horizontal axis, time; centered on vertical axis. Vertical axis, height above ground level.

Problem 4

Tyler filled up his bathtub, took a bath, and then drained the tub. The function gives the depth of the water, in inches, \(t\) minutes after Tyler began to fill the bathtub.

These statements describe how the water level in the tub was changing over time. Use the statements to sketch an approximate graph of function.

  • \(B(0) = 0\)
  • \(B(1)< B(7)\)
  • \(B(9) = 11\)
  • \(B(10) = B(23)\)
  • \(B(20) > B(40)\)
Blank coordinate plane, no grid, origin O. Horizontal axis, time, minutes, from 0 to 40 by 10’s. Vertical axis, depth, inches, from 0 to 15 by 5’s.

Problem 5

Two functions are defined by these equations:

\(f(x)=5.1+0.8x\)

\(g(x)=3.4+1.2x\)

Which function has a greater value when \(x\) is 3.9? How much greater?

(From Algebra1, Unit 4, Lesson 5.)

Problem 6

Function \(f\) is defined by the equation \(f(x)=3x-7\). Find the value of \(c\) so that \(f(c)=20\) is true.

(From Algebra1, Unit 4, Lesson 5.)

Problem 7

Function \(V\) gives the volume of water (liters) in a water cooler as a function of time, \(t\) (minutes).

This graph represents function \(V\).

Piecewise, function V.
  1. What is the greatest water volume in the cooler?
  2. Find the value or values of \(t\) that make \(V(t)=4\) true. Explain what the value or values tell us about the volume of the water in the cooler. 
  3. Identify the horizontal intercept of the graph. What does it tell you about the situation?
(From Algebra1, Unit 4, Lesson 6.)

Problem 8

Noah draws this box plot for data that has measure of variability 0.

Box plot from 0 to 100 by 5’s. Whisker from 10 to 45. Vertical line at 45. Whisker from 45 to 75.

Explain why the box plot is complete even though there do not appear to be any boxes.

(From Algebra1, Unit 1, Lesson 15.)