Lesson 2

Adjacent Angles

Lesson Narrative

In this lesson, students are introduced to the terms complementary, for describing two angles whose measures add to \(90^\circ\), and supplementary, for describing two angles whose measures add to \(180^\circ\). They practice finding an unknown angle given the measure of another angle that is complementary or supplementary.

Many of the angles in this lesson share the same vertex as another angle, so students need to be careful when naming each angle (MP6) in addition to describing the relationship between pairs of angles.

Learning Goals

Teacher Facing

  • Comprehend the terms “complementary” and “supplementary” (in spoken and written language) as they describe pairs of angles.
  • Explain (orally and in writing) how to find an unknown angle measure, given adjacent complementary or supplementary angles.
  • Generalize (orally) that when a straight angle or a right angle is decomposed, the measures of the resulting angles add up to $180^\circ$ or $90^\circ$, respectively.

Student Facing

Let’s look at some special pairs of angles.

Required Preparation

Cut blank paper in half so that each student can have 2 half sheets of paper. It is very important that these cuts are completely straight and exactly perpendicular to the sides being cut for this activity to work.

Prepare to distribute scissors, straightedges, and protractors.

Learning Targets

Student Facing

  • I can find unknown angle measures by reasoning about complementary or supplementary angles.
  • I can recognize when adjacent angles are complementary or supplementary.

CCSS Standards

Building On

Addressing

Glossary Entries

  • adjacent angles

    Adjacent angles share a side and a vertex.

    In this diagram, angle \(ABC\) is adjacent to angle \(DBC\).

    Three segments all joined at endpoint B. Point A is to the left of B and segment A B is drawn. Point C is above B and segment C B is drawn. Point D is to the right of B and segment B D is drawn.
  • complementary

    Complementary angles have measures that add up to 90 degrees.

    For example, a \(15^\circ\) angle and a \(75^\circ\) angle are complementary.

    complementary angles of 15 and 75 degrees
    Two angles, one is 75 degrees and one is 15 degrees
  • right angle

    A right angle is half of a straight angle. It measures 90 degrees.

    a right angle
  • straight angle

    A straight angle is an angle that forms a straight line. It measures 180 degrees.

    a 180 degree angle
  • supplementary

    Supplementary angles have measures that add up to 180 degrees.

    For example, a \(15^\circ\) angle and a \(165^\circ\) angle are supplementary.

    supplementary angles of 15 and 165 degrees
    supplementary angles of 15 and 165 degrees