Lesson 9
Order Decimals
Warmup: True or False: Decimal Inequalities (10 minutes)
Narrative
Launch
 Display one statement.
 “Give me a signal when you know whether the statement is true and can explain how you know.”
 1 minute: quiet think time
Activity
 Share and record answers and strategy.
 Repeat with each statement.
Student Facing
Decide whether each statement is true or false. Be prepared to explain your reasoning.
 \(0.909 > 0.91\)
 \(4.1 < 4.100\)
 \(0.99 < 0.999\)
Student Response
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Activity Synthesis
 “Is the statement \(0.909 > 0.91\) true or false? How do you know?” (It is false because 0.909 has 9 tenths and 9 thousandths and 0.91 is 9 tenths and 1 hundredth. 1 hundredth is greater than 9 thousandths.)
 Display: 0.909 and 0.910
 “How does writing the numbers like this help to compare them?” (I can see that 0.910 has 10 thousandths compared to 9 for 0.909.)
Activity 1: Caught in the Middle (20 minutes)
Narrative
The purpose of this activity is for students apply what they have learned about comparing decimals to find numbers that lie between two other decimal numbers. Students may draw number line diagrams, if it helps them, or they may use their understanding of place value.
In each case, there are many different decimal numbers between the two and this will be brought out in the activity synthesis. The last question in this activity is exploratory. Students may say that there is no number between 1.731 and 1.732 or they may say that it looks like there is and they cannot name it yet. The important observation is that the number line suggests that there are numbers in between but we cannot name any of those numbers yet. This question gives students an opportunity to make sense of a problem and some students may propose an answer, using fractions for example (MP1).
Supports accessibility for: Conceptual Processing, Attention
Launch
 Groups of 2
Activity
 10 minutes: independent work
 5 minutes: partner discussion
 Monitor for students who:
 use a number line
 count up by hundredths or thousandths between the intervals to find a number in the middle
 use place value understanding to introduce new places in the decimals when needed
Student Facing

Fill in the blank to make each statement true. Be prepared to explain your reasoning. Use the number lines if they are helpful.

\(786.2 <\, \underline{\hspace{2cm}}\, < 786.3\)

\(9.99 < \,\underline{\hspace{2cm}}\, < 10\)

\(0.46 > \,\underline{\hspace{2cm}} \,>0.45\)

\(0.5 < \,\underline{\hspace{2cm}}\, < 0.51\)

\(0.99 < \,\underline{\hspace{2cm}} \,< 0.999\)


Kiran says that there is no number between 1.731 and 1.732. Do you agree with Kiran? Use the number line if it is helpful.
Student Response
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Activity Synthesis
 Display the inequality: \(0.99 < \underline{\hspace{2cm}} < 0.999\)
 “What are some possible numbers that will make this true?” (0.995, 0.991, 0.997)
 “What do you notice about all the possible numbers?” (They all have 9 tenths and 9 hundredths and also some thousandths.)
 “Why does this make sense?” (They need 9 tenths and 9 hundredths to be as big as 0.99 and some thousandths to be bigger. There can be at most 8 thousandths so the number will be less than 0.999.)
 Display number line from the student solution or use a student generated image.
 “Do you think there are numbers between 1.731 and 1.732?” (It looks like there are lots of them but we don’t know what any of those numbers are.)
Activity 2: Least to Greatest (15 minutes)
Narrative
The purpose of this activity is for students to apply what they have learned about place value and decimals to order several decimals from least to greatest. Students may draw number line diagrams, if it helps them, but will need to think strategically about the endpoints that they choose if they want all 3 numbers to fit. They can also order the numbers by looking carefully at place value to compare pairs of decimals (MP7).
Advances: Writing, Speaking, Listening
Launch
 Groups of 2
Activity
 8 minutes: independent work time
 2 minutes: partner discussion
 Monitor for students who:
 use their understanding of place value to compare the numbers
 use a number line to visualize how the numbers compare
Student Facing

Write each set of numbers in order from least to greatest.
 67.020, 67.200, 67.002
 1.101, 1.02, 1.1
 0.333, 0.323, 0.3
 99.99, 99.09, 99.091
Student Response
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Activity Synthesis
 Display the numbers: 1.101, 1.02, 1.1
 “How did you decide which of these numbers is the smallest?” (They all have 1 and some more. The second one only has hundredths while the other two have tenths, so 1.02 is the smallest.)
 “How did you decide which one of these numbers is the greatest?” (1.101 has a tenth and a thousandth while 1.1 only has a tenth, so 1.101 is the greatest.)
 Use a student generated number line or display the number line from student solutions and consider asking:
 “How do you know that 99.091 is between 99.09 and 99.99 on the number line?” (It has a thousandth more than 99.09 and has no tenths so is smaller than 99.1 and definitely smaller than 99.99.)
 “Why is it hard to locate 99.091 precisely on the number line?” (It is really close to 99.09, just one thousandth to the right.)
Lesson Synthesis
Lesson Synthesis
“Today we ordered decimals.”
“Describe the steps you would use to put a set of numbers in order from least to greatest.” (Start with the digits in the largest place value and compare them. When they are the same, compare the digits in the next largest place. If all the digits are the same, then the numbers are the same. Wherever they differ first, the number with the larger digit in that place is larger.)
Cooldown: Order the Decimals (5 minutes)
CoolDown
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