Lesson 2

Chance Experiments

Let’s investigate chance.

Problem 1

The likelihood that Han makes a free throw in basketball is 60%. The likelihood that he makes a 3-point shot is 0.345. Which event is more likely, Han making a free throw or making a 3-point shot? Explain your reasoning.

Problem 2

Different events have the following likelihoods. Sort them from least to greatest:


8 out of 10





Problem 3

There are 25 prime numbers between 1 and 100. There are 46 prime numbers between 1 and 200. Which situation is more likely? Explain your reasoning.

  • A computer produces a random number between 1 and 100 that is prime.
  • A computer produces a random number between 1 and 200 that is prime.

Problem 4

It takes \(4\frac38\) cups of cheese, \(\frac78\) cups of olives, and \(2\frac58\) cups of sausage to make a signature pizza. How much of each ingredient is needed to make 10 pizzas? Explain or show your reasoning.

(From Unit 4, Lesson 2.)

Problem 5

Here is a diagram of a birdhouse Elena is planning to build. (It is a simplified diagram, since in reality, the sides will have a thickness.) About how many square inches of wood does she need to build this birdhouse?

diagram of birdhouse with dimensions provided. 


(From Unit 7, Lesson 16.)

Problem 6

Select all the situations where knowing the surface area of an object would be more useful than knowing its volume.


Placing an order for tiles to replace the roof of a house.


Estimating how long it will take to clean the windows of a greenhouse.


Deciding whether leftover soup will fit in a container.


Estimating how long it will take to fill a swimming pool with a garden hose.


Calculating how much paper is needed to manufacture candy bar wrappers.


Buying fabric to sew a couch cover.


Deciding whether one muffin pan is enough to bake a muffin recipe.

(From Unit 7, Lesson 15.)