2.1: Number Talk: Multiplying by a Unit Fraction
Find each product mentally.
\(\frac14 \boldcdot 32\)
\((7.2) \boldcdot \frac19\)
\(\frac14 \boldcdot (5.6)\)
2.2: Corresponding Parts
One road sign for railroad crossings is a circle with a large X in the middle and two R’s—with one on each side. Here is a picture with some points labeled and two copies of the picture. Drag and turn the moveable angle tool to compare the angles in the copies with the angles in the original.
- Complete this table to show corresponding parts in the three pictures.
original Copy 1 Copy 2 point \(L\) segment \(LM\) segment \(ED\) point \(X\) angle \(KLM\) angle \(XYZ\)
- Is either copy a scaled copy of the original road sign? Explain your reasoning.
- Use the moveable angle tool to compare angle \(KLM\) with its corresponding angles in Copy 1 and Copy 2. What do you notice?
- Use the moveable angle tool to compare angle \(NOP\) with its corresponding angles in Copy 1 and Copy 2. What do you notice?
2.3: Scaled Triangles
Here is Triangle O, followed by a number of other triangles.
Your teacher will assign you two of the triangles to look at.
- For each of your assigned triangles, is it a scaled copy of Triangle O? Be prepared to explain your reasoning.
- As a group, identify all the scaled copies of Triangle O in the collection. Discuss your thinking. If you disagree, work to reach an agreement.
- List all the triangles that are scaled copies in the table. Record the side lengths that correspond to the side lengths of Triangle O listed in each column.
Triangle O 3 4 5
- Explain or show how each copy has been scaled from the original (Triangle O).
Choose one of the triangles that is not a scaled copy of Triangle O. Describe how you could change at least one side to make a scaled copy, while leaving at least one side unchanged.
A figure and its scaled copy have corresponding parts, or parts that are in the same position in relation to the rest of each figure. These parts could be points, segments, or angles. For example, Polygon 2 is a scaled copy of Polygon 1.
Each point in Polygon 1 has a corresponding point in Polygon 2.
For example, point \(B\) corresponds to point \(H\) and point \(C\) corresponds to point \(I\).
Each segment in Polygon 1 has a corresponding segment in Polygon 2.
For example, segment \(AF\) corresponds to segment \(GL\).
Each angle in Polygon 1 also has a corresponding angle in Polygon 2.
For example, angle \(DEF\) corresponds to angle \(JKL\).
The scale factor between Polygon 1 and Polygon 2 is 2, because all of the lengths in Polygon 2 are 2 times the corresponding lengths in Polygon 1. The angle measures in Polygon 2 are the same as the corresponding angle measures in Polygon 1. For example, the measure of angle \(JKL\) is the same as the measure of angle \(DEF\).
When part of an original figure matches up with part of a copy, we call them corresponding parts. These could be points, segments, angles, or distances.
For example, point \(B\) in the first triangle corresponds to point \(E\) in the second triangle. Segment \(AC\) corresponds to segment \(DF\).
- scale factor
To create a scaled copy, we multiply all the lengths in the original figure by the same number. This number is called the scale factor.
In this example, the scale factor is 1.5, because \(4 \boldcdot (1.5) = 6\), \(5 \boldcdot (1.5)=7.5\), and \(6 \boldcdot (1.5)=9\).
- scaled copy
A scaled copy is a copy of a figure where every length in the original figure is multiplied by the same number.
For example, triangle \(DEF\) is a scaled copy of triangle \(ABC\). Each side length on triangle \(ABC\) was multiplied by 1.5 to get the corresponding side length on triangle \(DEF\).