# Lesson 4

Solving for Unknown Angles

Let’s figure out some missing angles.

### 4.1: True or False: Length Relationships

Here are some line segments.

Decide if each of these equations is true or false. Be prepared to explain your reasoning.

$$CD+BC=BD$$

$$AB+BD=CD+AD$$

$$AC-AB=AB$$

$$BD-CD=AC-AB$$

### 4.2: Info Gap: Angle Finding

Your teacher will give you either a problem card or a data card. Do not show or read your card to your partner.

If your teacher gives you the problem card:

3. Explain how you are using the information to solve the problem.

Continue to ask questions until you have enough information to solve the problem.

4. Share the problem card and solve the problem independently.

If your teacher gives you the data card:

2. Ask your partner “What specific information do you need?” and wait for them to ask for information.

If your partner asks for information that is not on the card, do not do the calculations for them. Tell them you don’t have that information.

3. Before sharing the information, ask “Why do you need that information?” Listen to your partner’s reasoning and ask clarifying questions.

4. Read the problem card and solve the problem independently.

5. Share the data card and discuss your reasoning.

### 4.3: What’s the Match?

Match each figure to an equation that represents what is seen in the figure. For each match, explain how you know they are a match.

1. $$g+h=180$$
2. $$g=h$$
3. $$2h+g=90$$
4. $$g+h+48=180$$
5. $$g+h+35=180$$

1. What is the angle between the hour and minute hands of a clock at 3:00?
2. You might think that the angle between the hour and minute hands at 2:20 is 60 degrees, but it is not! The hour hand has moved beyond the 2. Calculate the angle between the clock hands at 2:20.
3. Find a time where the hour and minute hand are 40 degrees apart. (Assume that the time has a whole number of minutes.) Is there just one answer?

### Summary

We can write equations that represent relationships between angles.

• The first pair of angles are supplementary, so $$x+42 = 180$$.
• The second pair of angles are vertical angles, so $$y = 28$$.
• Assuming the third pair of angles form a right angle, they are complementary, so $$z + 64 = 90$$.

### Glossary Entries

Adjacent angles share a side and a vertex.

In this diagram, angle $$ABC$$ is adjacent to angle $$DBC$$.

• complementary

Complementary angles have measures that add up to 90 degrees.

For example, a $$15^\circ$$ angle and a $$75^\circ$$ angle are complementary.

• right angle

A right angle is half of a straight angle. It measures 90 degrees.

• straight angle

A straight angle is an angle that forms a straight line. It measures 180 degrees.

• supplementary

Supplementary angles have measures that add up to 180 degrees.

For example, a $$15^\circ$$ angle and a $$165^\circ$$ angle are supplementary.

For example, angles $$AEC$$ and $$DEB$$ are vertical angles. If angle $$AEC$$ measures $$120^\circ$$, then angle $$DEB$$ must also measure $$120^\circ$$.
Angles $$AED$$ and $$BEC$$ are another pair of vertical angles.