Lesson 6

Methods for Multiplying Decimals

Let’s look at some ways we can represent multiplication of decimals.

Problem 1

Find each product. Show your reasoning.

  1. \((1.2) \boldcdot (0.11)\)
  2. \((0.34) \boldcdot (0.02)\)
  3. \(120 \boldcdot (0.002)\)

Problem 2

You can use a rectangle to represent \((0.3) \boldcdot (0.5)\).

  1. What must the side length of each square represent for the rectangle to correctly represent \((0.3) \boldcdot (0.5)\)?
  2. What area is represented by each square?
  3. What is \((0.3) \boldcdot (0.5)\)? Show your reasoning.
A rectangle area model. The rectangle is partitioned into 15 identical squares. There are 5 rows of 3 squares in each row.

Problem 3

One gallon of gasoline in Buffalo, New York costs \$2.29. In Toronto, Canada, one liter of gasoline costs \$0.91. There are 3.8 liters in one gallon.

  1. How much does one gallon of gas cost in Toronto? Round your answer to the nearest cent.
  2. Is the cost of gas greater in Buffalo or in Toronto? How much greater?

Problem 4

Calculate each sum or difference.

\(10.3 + 3.7\)

\(20.99 - 4.97\)

\(15.99 + 23.51\)

\(1.893 - 0.353\)

(From Grade6, Unit 5, Lesson 2.)

Problem 5

Find the value of \(\frac{49}{50}\div\frac{7}{6}\) using any method.

(From Grade6, Unit 4, Lesson 11.)

Problem 6

Find the area of the shaded region. All angles are right angles. Show your reasoning.

A multi-sided figure.

 

(From Grade6, Unit 1, Lesson 1.)

Problem 7

  1. Priya finds \((1.05) \boldcdot (2.8)\) by calculating \(105 \boldcdot 28\), then moving the decimal point three places to the left. Why does Priya’s method make sense?
  2. Use Priya’s method to calculate \((1.05) \boldsymbol \boldcdot (2.8)\). You can use the fact that \(105 \boldcdot 28 = 2,\!940\).
  3. Use Priya’s method to calculate \((0.0015) \boldcdot (0.024)\).