Lesson 5

Normal Distributions

The practice problem answers are available at one of our IM Certified Partners

Problem 1

Here is a histogram of a distribution with 94 data points.

Histogram. 

For each given interval, find the proportion of data points which fall in that interval.

  1. 47 to 48
  2. 50 to 51
  3. 53 to 54

Problem 2

This relative frequency histogram shows the distribution of average daily temperatures (in degrees Fahrenheit) for a town over the course of 5 years.

Histogram from 60 to 78 by 1’s. Average daily temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. Approximately bell-shaped. Heights range from point 0 0 1 to point 1 6.

Match each temperature interval with the proportion of days over the 5 years whose average temperature fell in that interval.

Problem 3

Two curves representing normal distributions are shown. Does the solid curve or dashed curve have a greater standard deviation? Explain how you know.

Two bell-shaped distributions. 

Problem 4

Here are 2 distributions.

set A

Dot plot from 0 to 10 by 1’s. Number of dots above each increment is 0, 1, 0, 5, 6, 7, 6, 5, 0, 0, 0.

set B

Dot plot from 0 to 10 by 1’s. Number of dots above each increment is 0, 0, 0, 5, 6, 7, 6, 5, 0, 1, 0.

How does the mean of set A compare to the mean of set B? Explain your reasoning.

(From Algebra2, Unit 7, Lesson 4.)

Problem 5

Which distribution is symmetric?

A:
Dot plot from 0 to 10 by 1’s. Number of dots above each increment is 0, 1, 2, 3, 2, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 0.
B:
Dot plot from 0 to 10 by 1’s. Number of dots above each increment is 0, 1, 2, 3, 2, 1, 2, 3, 2, 1, 0.
C:
Dot plot from 0 to 10 by 1’s. Number of dots above each increment is 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0.
D:
Dot plot from 0 to 10 by 1’s. Number of dots above each increment is 0, 2, 4, 2, 0, 0, 4, 8, 4, 0, 0.
(From Algebra2, Unit 7, Lesson 4.)

Problem 6

Clare is designing an experimental study. She says that it is important to randomly assign people to random groups in an experimental study because this helps reduce the likelihood of grouping subjects into groups that may differ on some characteristic that is related to the response of interest. Do you agree with Clare? Explain your reasoning.

(From Algebra2, Unit 7, Lesson 3.)