In a previous lesson, students learned to graphically represent the set of solutions to a linear inequality in two variables. They made a connection between the solutions to a linear inequality and the solutions to a related linear equation.
In this lesson, students deepen their understanding of the solutions to linear inequalities by studying them in context. They write inequalities in two variables to represent constraints, and interpret the points on a boundary line and on either side of it in terms of the situation.
The work here illustrates that the solution region represents the set of values that satisfy the constraint in a situation (MP2). Interpreting the solutions contextually also engages students in an aspect of mathematical modeling (MP4). It enables students to see that, while some values might make an inequality true, they might not be feasible or appropriate in the situation. The activity Rethinking Landscaping is an opportunity to make a generalization based on repeated reasoning (MP8), since students first find numbers that meet a constraint, and then use variables in place of those numbers to write an equation and an inequality.
Because reasoning about the solution region of an inequality is important here, graphing technology should not be used. Students will have opportunities to use graphing technology to solve inequalities in two variables in upcoming lessons.
- Find the solution to a two-variable inequality by graphing a related two-variable equation and determining the correct region for the solution.
- Interpret, in context, points on the graphs of equations and in the solution region of inequalities in two variables.
- Write inequalities in two variables to represent the constraints in a situation and identify possible solutions by reasoning.
- Let’s write inequalities in two variables and make sense of the solutions by reasoning and by graphing.
- Given a two-variable inequality that represents a situation, I can interpret points in the coordinate plane and decide if they are solutions to the inequality.
- I can find the solutions to a two-variable inequality by using the graph of a related two-variable equation.
- I can write inequalities to describe the constraints in a situation.
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