Lesson 2

Function Notation

Let’s learn about a handy way to refer to and talk about a function.

Problem 1

The height of water in a bathtub, \(w\), is a function of time, \(t\). Let \(P\) represent this function. Height is measured in inches and time in minutes.

Match each statement in function notation with a description.

Problem 2

Function \(C\) takes time for its input and gives a student’s Monday class for its output. 

  1. Use function notation to represent: A student has English at 10:00. 
  2. Write a statement to describe the meaning of \(C(11\!:\!15) = \text{chemistry}\).

Problem 3

Function \(f\) gives the distance of a dog from a post, in feet, as a function of time, in seconds, since its owner left.

Find the value of \(f(20)\) and of \(f(140)\).

Nonlinear function. time in seconds and distance from post in feet.
 

Problem 4

Function \(C\) gives the cost, in dollars, of buying \(n\) apples. What does each expression or equation represent in this situation?

  1. \(C(5)=4.50\)
  2. \(C(2)\)

Problem 5

A number of identical cups are stacked up. The number of cups in a stack and the height of the stack in centimeters are related.

  1. Can we say that the height of the stack is a function of the number of cups in the stack? Explain your reasoning.
  2. Can we say that the number of cups in a stack is a function of the height of the stack? Explain your reasoning.
(From Unit 4, Lesson 1.)

Problem 6

In a function, the number of cups in a stack is a function of the height of the stack in centimeters.

  1. Sketch a possible graph of the function on the coordinate plane. Be sure to label the axes.
  2. Identify one point on the graph and explain the meaning of the point in the situation.
Blank grid with axes. Origin O.
(From Unit 4, Lesson 1.)

Problem 7

Solve each system of equations without graphing. Show your reasoning.

  1. \(\begin{cases} \text-5x+3y=\text-8 \\ \hspace{1.5mm}3x-7y=\text-3 \\ \end{cases}\)

  2. \(\begin{cases} \text-8x-2y=24 \\ \hspace{1.5mm}5x-3y=\hspace{3.5mm}2 \\ \end{cases}\)

(From Unit 2, Lesson 16.)