Lesson 15

Inverse Functions

Let’s define functions forward and backward.

Problem 1

Noah's cousin is exactly 7 years younger than Noah. Let \(C\) represent Noah's cousin's age and \(N\) represent Noah's age. Ages are measured in years.

  1. Write a function that defines the cousin's age as a function of Noah's age. What are the input and output of this function?
  2. Write the inverse of the function you wrote. What are the input and output of this inverse function?

Problem 2

Noah's cousin is exactly 7 years younger than Noah. Let \(M\) represent Noah's cousin's age in months and \(N\) represent Noah's age in years. 

  1. If Noah is 15 years old, how old is his cousin, in months?
  2. When Noah's cousin is 132 months old, how old is Noah, in years?
  3. Write a function that gives the age of Noah's cousin in months, as a function of Noah's age in years.
  4. Write the inverse of the function you wrote. What are the input and the output of this inverse function?

Problem 3

Each equation represents a function. For each, find the inverse function. 

  1. $c=w+3$
  2. $y=x-2$
  3. $y=5x$
  4. $w=\frac{d}{7}$

Problem 4

The number of years, \(y\), is a function of the number of months, \(m\). The number of months, \(m\), is also a function of the number of years, \(y\).  

  1. Write two equations, one to represent each function.
  2. Explain why the two functions are inverses.  

Problem 5

Sketch a graph to represent each quantity described as a function of time. Be sure to label the vertical axis.

Swing: The height of your feet above ground while swinging on a swing at a playground    

Blank coordinate plane, no grid, origin O. Horizontal axis, time.

Slide: The height of your hat above ground as you walk to a slide, go up a ladder, and then go down a slide

Blank coordinate plane, no grid, origin O. Horizontal axis, time.

Merry-go-round: Your distance from the center of a merry-go-round as you ride the merry-go-round

Blank coordinate plane, no grid, origin O. Horizontal axis, time.

Merry-go-round, again: Your distance from your friend, who is standing next to the merry-go-round as you go around

Blank coordinate plane, no grid, origin O. Horizontal axis, time.
(From Algebra1, Unit 4, Lesson 8.)

Problem 6

Lin charges \$5.50 per hour to babysit. The amount of money earned, in dollars, is a function of the number of hours that she babysits.

Which of the following inputs is impossible for this function?

A:

-1

B:

2

C:

5

D:

8

(From Algebra1, Unit 4, Lesson 10.)

Problem 7

The instructions for cooking a steak with a pressure cooker can be represented with this set of rules, where \(x\) represents the weight of a steak in ounces and \(f(x)\) the cooking time in minutes.

\(\displaystyle f(x)=\begin{cases} 7,& 8\leq x\leq 12 \\ 8, & 12< x\leq 13 \\ 9, & 13< x\leq 14\\ 10, & 14< x\leq 15\\ 11, & 15< x\leq 16\\  \end{cases} \)

  1. Describe the instructions in words so that they can be followed by someone using the pressure cooker.
  2. Graph function \(f\).
    Blank coordinate grid, origin O. Horizontal axis, weight, ounces, from 0 to 15 by 5's. Vertical axis, time, minutes, from 0 to 15 by 5's.
(From Algebra1, Unit 4, Lesson 12.)

Problem 8

The absolute value function \(Q(x)=|x|\) gives the distance from 0 of the point \(x\) on the number line.

\(Q\) can also be defined using piecewise notation: \(Q(x)=\begin{cases} x,& x\geq 0 \\ \text-x,& x < 0 \end{cases} \)

Determine if each point is on the graph of \(Q\). For each point that you believe is not on the graph of \(Q\), change the output coordinate so that the point is on the graph of \(Q\).

  1. \((\text- 3, 3)\)
  2. \((0,0)\)
  3. \((\text-5, \text-5)\)
  4. \((\text-72, 72)\)
  5. \((\frac45,\text- \frac45)\)
(From Algebra1, Unit 4, Lesson 14.)