# Lesson 2

Share More Sandwiches

## Warm-up: Estimation Exploration: Name that Fraction (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this estimation exploration is for students to use what they know about fractions to estimate how much of the tape is shaded. Students use what they know about division to determine about how much of the bar is shaded.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Display the image.
• “What is an estimate that’s too high? Too low? About right?”
• 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

• 1 minute: partner discussion
• Record responses.

### Student Facing

The large rectangle represents 1. What fraction of the large rectangle is shaded?

Record an estimate that is:

too low about right too high
$$\phantom{\hspace{2.5cm} \\ \hspace{2.5cm}}$$ $$\phantom{\hspace{2.5cm} \\ \hspace{2.5cm}}$$ $$\phantom{\hspace{2.5cm} \\ \hspace{2.5cm}}$$

### Student Response

For access, consult one of our IM Certified Partners.

If students do not have an estimate, encourage them to draw on the diagram or cut it out and fold it. Ask students: “How can drawing on or folding the diagram help you figure out how much is shaded?”

### Activity Synthesis

• “How did you make your about right estimate?” (It looks like there are about 5 of those shaded pieces in the whole rectangle so that’s about $$\frac{1}{5}$$.)

## Activity 1: One Sandwich (15 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to connect their understanding of unit fractions with their understanding of division. Students understand a unit fraction such as $$\frac{1}{3}$$, as 1 piece where 3 of those equal pieces make the whole. Students also understand division, $$1\div3$$, as 1 thing divided into 3 equal shares.

During the activity synthesis, connect the two expressions, $$1\div3$$ and $$\frac{1}{3}$$, to a common diagram to show the relationship between the operation of division and the fraction as a quotient. Students relate diagrams, fractions, and division expressions with one another and interpret them within the context of sandwiches (MP2).

Representation: Access for Perception. Use a rectangular shaped piece of paper to demonstrate what is happening in the task.
Supports accessibility for: Conceptual Processing, Memory

• Groups of 2

### Activity

• 5–8 minutes: partner work time
• Monitor for students who:
• notice that the size of each piece is getting smaller as more people share it
• notice that the denominator in the amount of sandwich each person gets is the number of people sharing the sandwich

### Student Facing

Jada’s family made sandwiches to share at a family celebration. Complete the table to show how much sandwich each person gets.

sandwiches being shared number of people sharing sandwiches amount of sandwich each person gets division expression
1 2
1 3
1 4
1 5
1. Choose one row from the table and represent your thinking with a diagram.
2. What patterns do you notice in the table?

### Student Response

For access, consult one of our IM Certified Partners.

If students do not write the correct amount of sandwich each person gets or the correct division expression, encourage them to draw their own diagram of the situation and ask:

• “How does your diagram represent the number of sandwiches being shared?”
• “How does your diagram represent the number of people sharing the sandwiches?”
• “How does your diagram represent the amount of sandwich each person will get? What number represents the amount of sandwich each person will get?”

### Activity Synthesis

• Invite selected students to share the patterns they noticed in the table.
• Display student work that shows a diagram of one sandwich shared by 3 people or display the diagram from the student solutions.
• “How does the diagram you drew represent the expression $$1 \div3$$?” (Each rectangle is divided into 3 equal pieces so that’s $$1 \div 3$$.)
• Highlight that the division sign means that the whole is divided into equal pieces.
• “How does the fraction $$\frac{1}{3}$$ represent the shaded amount?” (One of the 3 equal-sized pieces in the rectangle is shaded in so that’s $$\frac{1}{3}$$.)

## Activity 2: Card Sort: Sandwich Match (20 minutes)

### Narrative

This sorting task gives students opportunities to analyze and connect representations, situations, and expressions (MP2, MP7). As students work, encourage them to refine their descriptions of how the diagrams represent the situations and expressions using more precise language and mathematical terms (MP6).

MLR8 Discussion Supports. Students should take turns finding a match and explaining their reasoning to their partner. Display the following sentence frames for all to see: “I noticed ___ , so I matched . . .” Encourage students to challenge each other when they disagree.

### Required Materials

Materials to Copy

• Sandwich Match

### Required Preparation

• Create a set of cards from the blackline master for each group of 2.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Display image from student workbook.
• “This representation shows how 2 sandwiches can be shared by 5 people equally. How much sandwich does each person get? Be prepared to share your thinking.” ($$\frac{2}{5}$$ since each piece is $$\frac{1}{5}$$ of one whole and there are two of them.)
• 1 minute: quiet think time
• Share responses.
• Distribute one set of pre-cut cards to each group of students.

### Activity

• “This set of cards includes diagrams, expressions, and situations. Match each diagram to a situation and an expression. Some situations and expressions will match more than one diagram. Work with your partner to justify your choices. Then, answer the questions in your workbook.”
• 5–8 minutes: partner work time
• Monitor for students who:
• notice that the number of large rectangles in the picture and the dividend in the expressions represent the number of sandwiches
• notice that the number of pieces in each whole and the divisor in the expressions represent the number of people sharing the sandwiches

### Student Facing

Your teacher will give you a set of cards. Match each representation with a situation and expression. Some situations and expressions will have more than one matching representation.

Choose one set of matched cards.

1. Show or explain how the diagram(s) and expression represent the number of sandwiches being shared.
2. Show or explain how the diagram(s) and expression represent the number of people sharing the sandwiches.
3. How much sandwich does each person get in the situation?

### Student Response

For access, consult one of our IM Certified Partners.

If students do not match all of the diagrams to a situation or did not match the diagrams correctly, point to one of the diagrams that they did match correctly, and ask: “How does this diagram represent some people sharing some sandwiches?”

### Activity Synthesis

• Have students share the matches they made and how they know those cards go together.
• Attend to the language that students use to describe their matches, giving them opportunities to describe how the diagrams and expressions represent the situation more precisely.
• Highlight the use of terms like divide, dividend, divisor, number of pieces, and size of each piece.
• Display cards B, D, J, and N.
• “How does each diagram represent 3 sandwiches being shared by 2 people?” (Each of the large rectangles is a sandwich and the shaded part shows how much each person gets.)
• “How much sandwich does each person get? How do you know?” ($$\frac{3}{2}$$ or $$1\frac{1}{2}$$ because each rectangle is cut into halves and 3 of them are shaded.)
• Display:

$$3\div2$$

• “How does this expression represent the situation?” (3 sandwiches are being shared equally by 2 people.)

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

“Today we matched division situations with representations and division expressions.”

Display expression: $$1 \div 6$$

“What does the expression mean in terms of the problems we were solving about people sharing sandwiches?” (It means that 1 sandwich is being shared by 6 people.)

“How much of the sandwich will each person get?” ($$\frac{1}{6}$$)

“Describe how you would figure out the amount of sandwich each person gets if any amount of people share 1 sandwich.” (I would divide the sandwich into however many people there are so the amount each person gets is going to be 1 piece and the size of the piece will be based on however many people there are.)

“What did you learn about the relationship between division and fractions today?”

Consider having students respond in their journals.

## Cool-down: How Much Sandwich? (5 minutes)

### Cool-Down

For access, consult one of our IM Certified Partners.