5.1 Finding Volume
Unit Goals
 Students find the volume of right rectangular prisms and solid figures composed of two right rectangular prisms.
Section A Goals
 Describe volume as the space taken up by a solid object.
 Measure the volume of a rectangular prism by finding the number of unit cubes needed to fill it.
 Use the layered structure in a rectangular prism to find volume.
Section B Goals
 Describe the calculations from the previous section as $\text{length} \times \text{width} \times \text{height}$ or $\text{area of the base} \times \text{height}$.
 Find volume using $\text{length} \times \text{width} \times \text{height}$ or $\text{area of the base} \times \text{height}$.
Section C Goals
 Find the volume of a figure composed of rectangular prisms.
Section A: Unit Cubes and Volume
Problem 1
Preunit
Practicing Standards: 3.MD.C.7.b
Here is a diagram of the floor in a room.
What is the area of the floor? Explain or show your reasoning.
Solution
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Problem 2
Preunit
Practicing Standards: 3.MD.C.7.d
What are the missing side lengths? Explain or show your reasoning.
Solution
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Problem 3
Preunit
Practicing Standards: 4.MD.A.1
Which of these units would you use to measure the length of a pencil? Select all that apply.
Solution
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Problem 4
Preunit
Practicing Standards: 3.MD.C.7.d
Find the area of the figure shown here. Explain or show your reasoning.
Solution
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Problem 5
Which has greater volume? Explain or show your reasoning.
Solution
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Problem 6
What is the volume of the figure? Explain or show your reasoning.
Solution
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Problem 7

What is the volume of this rectangular prism? Explain or show your reasoning.

What is the volume of this rectangular prism? Explain or show your reasoning.
Solution
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Problem 8
Find the volume of each rectangular prism. Explain or show your reasoning.
Solution
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Problem 9
Exploration
Find some objects around you and compare their volume.

List the objects.

Which has the least volume? Which has the greatest?

Pick two of your objects and compare their volume.
Solution
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Problem 10
Exploration

How many different rectangular prisms can you make with 18 cubes? Explain or show your reasoning.

How many different rectangular prisms can you make with 24 cubes? Explain or show your reasoning.

How do the side lengths of each prism compare to one another? What patterns do you notice? Is this pattern true for the rectangular prisms you can make with 36 cubes?
Solution
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Section B: Expressions for Finding Volume
Problem 1
Andre and Clare used different strategies to find the volume of this rectangular prism.

Andre says the volume of this rectangular prism is \(8 \times 24\) cubic units. Explain or show why Andre is correct.

Clare says the volume of the rectangular prism is \(6 \times 32\) cubic units. Explain or show why Clare is also correct.
Solution
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Problem 2
Which expressions represent the volume of this rectangular prism in cubic units?
Select all that apply.
Solution
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Problem 3
A box of milk measures 4 cm by 10 cm by 30 cm. What is its volume in cubic centimeters? Explain or show your reasoning.
Solution
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Problem 4
Exploration
A sugar cube has a volume of about 1 cubic centimeter. About how large of a box would you need to hold 1,000,000 sugar cubes?
Solution
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Problem 5
Exploration
Find some things around the school or house. What unit would you use to measure their volume? Choose one of your objects and estimate its volume.
Solution
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Problem 6
Exploration
An object has volume 36 cubic inches. A box has side lengths 1 foot by 3 inches by 4 inches.
 What is the smallest number of these objects that can fit in the box? Explain your reasoning.
 What is the largest number of these objects that can fit in the box? Explain your reasoning.
Solution
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Problem 7
Exploration
A container has a volume of 120 cubic inches.

What could the length, width, and height of the container be?
 Can one of the side lengths be 9 inches? Explain or show your reasoning.
Solution
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Section C: Volume of Solid Figures
Problem 1
What is the volume of this figure? Explain or show your reasoning.
Solution
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Problem 2
Find the volume of the figure. Explain or show your reasoning.
Solution
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Problem 3
Find the volume of the figure. Explain or show your reasoning.
Solution
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Problem 4
This is a diagram of a bedroom. What is the volume of the bedroom? Explain or show your reasoning.
Solution
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Problem 5
Exploration

Han says that the volume of this rectangular prism is 50 times as great as a 2inch cube. Do you agree with Han? Explain or show your reasoning.
 Han says that he can fit 50 2inch cubes in this rectangular prism. Do you agree with Han? Explain or show your reasoning.
Solution
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Problem 6
Exploration
Two common sizes of shipping boxes are 5 inches by 6 inches by 15 inches and 11 inches by 6 inches by 15 inches. Which size box would you choose to ship the student workbooks for your math class? Explain or show your reasoning.
Solution
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