In previous lessons, students solved Take From, Start Unknown, Compare, Bigger Unknown, and Compare, Smaller Unknown problems. They showed their thinking using drawings, numbers, or words. Throughout the year, students solved all types of story problems with unknowns in all positions.
In this lesson, students learn that they can use equations to make sense of story problems in different ways. In the first activity, students sort story problems based on whether they think they best fit addition or subtraction. In the second activity, students match the same story problems to equations. In both activities, students notice that the equation that matches the actions in the story and the equation they may use to solve the problem may use the opposite operation. This discussion helps deepen students understanding of the way equations can be used to make sense of and solve problems (MP2) and their understanding of the relationship between addition and subtraction (MP7).
Activity 1: Sort Story Problems
- Analyze story problems with unknowns in all positions.
- Match addition and subtraction equations to story problems.
- Let’s think about story problems and equations.
Materials to Gather
Materials to Copy
- Story Problem Cards, Unknowns in All Positions
- Create a set of cards from the blackline master for each group of 2.
|Activity 1||15 min|
|Activity 2||20 min|
|Lesson Synthesis||10 min|
Teacher Reflection Questions
What opportunities are you giving students to reflect on their understanding of the mathematical content?
Print Formatted Materials
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