Write Numbers to 120
Warm-up: Choral Count: Numbers Up to 120 (10 minutes)
- “Count by 1, starting at 90.”
- Record as students count.
- Stop counting and recording at 120.
- “What patterns do you see?”
- 1-2 minutes: quiet think time
- Record responses.
- “What do you notice about the numbers we counted?" (Some only have two digits and some have three. After 100, I see the numbers 1–20 again.)
Activity 1: Measure Animal Lengths (15 minutes)
The purpose of this activity is to count groups of between 95 and 120 length units and represent the count using representations of tens and ones. Each group measures a strip of tape using base-ten cubes. They determine how to count the cubes and create a representation. Students may group their cubes and count by tens and ones. Some students may group 10 tens as 100.
Advances: Speaking, Reading
Supports accessibility for: Conceptual Understanding, Memory, Attention
Materials to Gather
- Put strips of tape on the floor, 2–3 of each length. Label with the animal name. There should be one length of tape for each group of 3.
- Beaver: 95 centimeters
- Snake: 105 centimeters
- Giant Anteater: 120 centimeters
- Dog: 110 centimeters
- Raccoon: 100 centimeters
- Red Fox: 115 centimeters
- Make bags or buckets of about 125 base-ten cubes per group of 3.
- Groups of 3
- Give each group base-ten cubes.
- Assign each group to a strip of tape.
- “Around the classroom are strips of tape that show the lengths of different animals. Each group will measure one animal and determine how to count the cubes. Show your thinking using drawings, numbers, or words.”
- 8 minutes: small-group work time
Show your thinking using drawings, numbers, or words.
Advancing Student Thinking
- “How could you write this number just using digits?”
- “How would you say the number that matches the total number of cubes?”
- “Which number from our choral count matches the number of cubes?”
- Display 11 towers of 10 and 3 single cubes.
- “These are the cubes used to measure a different animal. How can we figure out the length of this animal?”
Activity 2: Write Numbers to Represent Animal Lengths (20 minutes)
The purpose of this activity is for students to write numbers between 95 and 120. Groups create posters that show a drawing of how they counted their animal measurements from the last activity. Groups should not write a number for the final measurement on the poster. Students do a gallery walk to interpret each representation and record the count with a number in their workbooks. Group members then compare their counts and written numbers.
When students look at the different representations and determine the length of each animal, they may notice that the representation may help to accurately find the value. For example, students may draw groups of 10 cubes rather than every individual cube (MP7).
This activity uses MLR7 Compare and Connect. Advances: representing, conversing.
Materials to Gather
- Groups of 3
- Give each group tools for creating a visual display.
- “Create a poster to show how you counted the cubes you used to measure the length of the animal in the measuring animals activity. Do not write the number of cubes your animal measured on your poster.”
- 5 minutes: group work time
- “Now we will do a gallery walk to see different representations of your measurements. As you look at each poster, use the representation to determine the length of the animal. Write the number of cubes that represents its length in your book.”
- 7 minutes: gallery walk
For each animal, write the number of cubes that represent its length.
- The beaver is ______________________ long.
- The dog is ______________________ long.
- The giant anteater is ______________________ long.
- The raccoon is ______________________ long.
- The red fox is ______________________ long.
- The snake is ______________________ long.
- Display the snake and giant anteater posters.
- “How do I write the number that represents the length of the snake?”
- “Where do you see 100 in this poster? Where do you see 5?”
- Repeat for giant anteater.
“Today we wrote numbers up to 120. Let’s count by one. Start at 100. I will write each number we say.”
Record the count.
“How would you explain writing numbers from 100 to 120 to a friend?” (There are 3 digits. The first digit is a 1. The pattern of writing numbers from 1–20 is the same.)