Lesson 4
Sums of 10
Lesson Purpose
The purpose of this lesson is to build toward fluency within 10 by looking for and making use of patterns in sums that have a value of 10.
Lesson Narrative
In a previous lesson, students found different expressions with the same value. In this lesson, students write different expressions that equal 10. They try to find all of the ways to decompose 10. Knowing all decompositions of 10 will be helpful later when students add and subtract within 20. For example, when students find the sum of \(9 + 5\), they can decompose 5 into 1 and 4 to make a ten (\(9 + 5 = 9 + 1 + 4 = 10 + 4\).) In the first activity, students play Shake and Spill to identify expressions that equal 10. In the second activity, students find all the ways to make 10 and share how they know they found all of the ways.
 Action and Expression
 MLR8
Learning Goals
Teacher Facing
 Look for and make use of patterns in addition expressions that have a sum of 10.
Student Facing
 Let’s find all the ways to make 10.
Required Materials
Materials to Gather
Materials to Copy
 Shake and Spill Stage 3 Recording Sheet Grade 1
Required Preparation
Activity 3:
 Gather materials from previous centers:
 Number Puzzles, Stage 1
 Check It Off, Stages 1 and 2
 Find the Pair, Stage 2
Lesson Timeline
Warmup  10 min 
Activity 1  10 min 
Activity 2  15 min 
Activity 3  15 min 
Lesson Synthesis  10 min 
Cooldown  0 min 
Teacher Reflection Questions
Reflect on how easily students found different ways to make 10 and which ways they know from memory. How prepared are students to make 10 in order to add within 20 in an upcoming section. In what other ways can you offer practice that will help prepare students for this work.
Print Formatted Materials
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Additional Resources
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