Lesson 3
Are the Expressions Equal?
Lesson Purpose
The purpose of this lesson is for students to identify expressions that are equal.
Lesson Narrative
In previous lessons students identified sums they know and sums they don’t yet know. They applied the commutative property to add within 10. The purpose of this lesson is for students to interpret equations with expressions on both sides of the equal sign. In Activity 1, students sort addition expressions within 10 by the value of the sum and discuss how expressions with the same numbers in a different order can be written as an equation. In Activity 2, students determine whether equations with addition expressions on both sides of the equal sign are true or false.
Students complete the cool down before the lesson synthesis.
 Representation
 MLR8
Learning Goals
Teacher Facing
 Interpret equations with expressions on both sides of the equal sign.
 Understand and use the commutative property.
Student Facing
 Let’s think about how expressions can be equal.
Required Materials
Materials to Gather
Required Preparation
Activity 1:
 Each student needs their addition expression cards from a previous lesson.
Lesson Timeline
Warmup  10 min 
Activity 1  20 min 
Activity 2  15 min 
Lesson Synthesis  10 min 
Cooldown  5 min 
Teacher Reflection Questions
It is common for students to think that the equal sign means that the answer comes next. What evidence have students given that they have a true understanding of the meaning of the equal sign? How might you adjust instruction to clarify this understanding?
Print Formatted Materials
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Additional Resources
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