Lesson 17
Make 10 to Add
Lesson Purpose
Lesson Narrative
In previous lessons, students recognized the \(10 + n\) structure of teen numbers and used the structure to find the sum of three numbers. In this lesson, students use the structure of the 10frame to find the sum of two addends when one addend is 9. Students come to see that when they find the sum of two addends, they can decompose one addend to make 10 with the other addend (associative property). For example, \(9 + 5 = 9 + 1 + 4 = 10 + 4 = 14\). When students identify and use equivalent expressions, they look for and make use of structure (MP7) and here they repeatedly make a 10 to find the value of expressions (MP8).
Student methods are recorded with equations. It may also be helpful to represent how one addend is decomposed in order to make a ten.
 Engagement
 MLR7
Activity 2: Clare’s Birds
Learning Goals
Teacher Facing
 Analyze methods for adding within 20 that involve making a ten.
 Look for and use patterns in addition expressions to add within 20.
Student Facing
 Let’s look for patterns and think about making 10 as we add.
Required Materials
Materials to Gather
Required Preparation
Activity 1:
 Each group of 2 needs a set of Number Cards (010).
Lesson Timeline
Warmup  10 min 
Activity 1  20 min 
Activity 2  15 min 
Lesson Synthesis  10 min 
Cooldown  5 min 
Teacher Reflection Questions
Print Formatted Materials
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Additional Resources
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