Lesson 17

Changing the Vertex

Problem 1

Here the graph of quadratic function \(f\).

Andre uses the expression \((x-5)^2+7\) to define \(f\).

Noah uses the expression \((x+5)^2-7\) to define \(f\).

Do you agree with either of them? Explain your reasoning.

Parabola. Opens up. Vertex at 5 comma -7.

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Solution

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Problem 2

Here are the graphs of \(y=x^2\), \(y=x^2-5\), and \(y=(x+2)^2-8\).

  1. How do the 3 graphs compare?

    Three parabolas in x y plane, origin O.
  2. How does the -5 in \(x^2-5\) affect the graph?
  3. How does the +2 and the -8 in \((x+2)^2-8\) affect the graph?

Solution

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Problem 3

Which equation represents the graph of \(y=x^2+2x-3\) moved 3 units to the left?

A:

\(y=x^2+2x-6\)

B:

\(y=(x+3)^2+2x-3\)

C:

\(y=(x+3)^2+2(x+3)\)

D:

\(y=(x+3)^2+2(x+3)-3\)

Solution

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Problem 4

Select all the equations with a graph whose vertex has both a positive \(x\)- and a positive \(y\)-coordinate.

A:

\(y=x^2\)

B:

\(y=(x-1)^2\)

C:

\(y=(x-3)^2+2\)

D:

\(y=2(x-4)^2-5\)

E:

\(y=0.5(x+2)^2+6\)

F:

\(y=\text-(x-4)^2+3\)

G:

\(y=\text-2(x-3)^2+1\)

Solution

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Problem 5

The height in feet of a soccer ball is modeled by the equation \(g(t)=2+50t-16t^2\) , where time \(t\) is measured in seconds after it was kicked.

  1. How far above the ground was the ball when kicked?
  2. What was the initial upward velocity of the ball?
  3. Why is the coefficient of the squared term negative?

Solution

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(From Unit 6, Lesson 14.)

Problem 6

  1. What is the vertex of the graph of the function \(f\) defined by \(f(x)=\text-(x-3)^2+6\)?
  2. Identify the \(y\)-intercept and one other point on of the graph of this function.
  3. Sketch the graph of \(f\).
Coordinate plane. Horizontal axis, -8 to 8, by 2’s. Vertical axis, -12 to 12, by 2’s.

Solution

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(From Unit 6, Lesson 16.)

Problem 7

At 6:00 a.m., Lin began hiking. At noon, she had hiked 12 miles. At 4:00 p.m., Lin finished hiking with a total trip of 26 miles.

During which time interval was Lin hiking faster? Explain how you know. 

Solution

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(From Unit 4, Lesson 7.)

Problem 8

Kiran bought a smoothie every day for a week. Smoothies cost \$3 each. The amount of money he spends, in dollars, is a function of the number of days of buying smoothies.

  1. Sketch a graph of this function. Be sure to label the axes.
  2. Describe the domain and range of this function.
A blank graph with grid, origin O. The horizontal axis contains 8 units, beginning at 0. The vertical axis contains 12 units, beginning at 0.

Solution

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(From Unit 4, Lesson 11.)

Problem 9

A deposit of $500 has been made in an interest-bearing account. No withdrawals or other deposits (aside from earned interest) are made for 5 years.

Write an expression to represent the account balance for each of the following situations.

  1. 6.5% interest calculated monthly
  2. 6.5% interest calculated every two months
  3. 6.5% interest calculated quarterly
  4. 6.5% interest calculated semi-annually

Solution

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(From Unit 5, Lesson 18.)

Problem 10

Technology required. Function \(h\) is defined by \(h(x) = 5x+7\) and function \(k\) is defined by \(k(x) = (1.005)^x\).

  1. Complete the table with values of \(h(x)\) and \(k(x)\). When necessary, round to 2 decimal places.
  2. Which function do you think eventually grows faster? Explain your reasoning.
  3. Use graphing technology to verify your answer to the previous question.
\(x\)   \(h(x)\)     \(k(x)\)  
1    
10    
50    
100    

Solution

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(From Unit 5, Lesson 19.)