Lesson 21

Graphing Linear Inequalities in Two Variables (Part 1)

  • Let’s find out how to use graphs to represent solutions to inequalities in two variables.

Problem 1

Here is a graph of the equation \(2y - x = 1 \).

Graph of a line.

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  1. Are the points \((0,\frac12)\) and \((\text-7,\text-3)\) solutions to the equation? Explain or show how you know.
  2. Check if each of these points is a solution to the inequality \(2y -x > 1\):

    • \((0,2)\)
    • \((8,\frac{1}{2})\)
    • \((\text{-}6,3)\)
    • \((\text{-}7,\text{-}3)\)
  3. Shade the region that represents the solution set to the inequality \(2y -x > 1\).

  4. Are the points on the line included in the solution set? Explain how you know.

Problem 2

Select all coordinate pairs that are solutions to the inequality \(5x+9y< 45\).

A:

$(0,0)$

B:

$(5,0)$

C:

$(9,0)$

D:

$(0,5)$

E:

$(0,9)$

F:

$(5, 9)$

G:

$(\text-5,\text-9)$

Problem 3

Consider the linear equation \(2y - 3x = 5\)

  1. The pair \((\text-1,1)\) is a solution to the equation. Find another \((x,y)\) pair that is a solution to the equation.
  2. Are \((\text-1,1)\) and \((4,1)\)  solutions to the inequality \(2y - 3x < 5\)? Explain how you know.
  3. Explain how to use the answers to the previous questions to graph the solution set to the inequality \(2y - 3x < 5\).

Problem 4

The boundary line on the graph represents the equation \(5x+2y=6\). Write an inequality that is represented by the graph.  

Inequality graphed on a coordinate plane, origin O. Each axis from negative 4 to 4, by 2’s. Dashed line goes through 0 comma 3 and 2 comma negative 2. The region below the dashed line is shaded.

 

Problem 5

Choose the inequality whose solution set is represented by this graph.

Inequality graphed on a coordinate plane.

 

A:

$x-3y<5$

B:

$x-3y \leq 5$

C:

$x-3y>5$

D:

$x-3y \geq 5$

Problem 6

Solve each system of equations without graphing.

  1. \(\begin{cases} 4d+7e=68 \\ \text-4d-6e=\text-72\\ \end{cases}\)

  2. \(\begin{cases} \frac14 x+y=1 \\ \frac32 x-y=\frac43 \\ \end{cases}\)

(From Algebra1, Unit 2, Lesson 14.)

Problem 7

Mai and Tyler are selling items to earn money for their elementary school. The school earns \(w\) dollars for every wreath sold and \(p\) dollars for every potted plant sold. Mai sells 14 wreaths and 3 potted plants and the school earns \$70.50. Tyler sells 10 wreaths and 7 potted plants and the school earns \$62.50.

This situation is represented by this system of equations: \(\begin{cases}14w + 3p = 70.50\\ 10w + 7p = 62.50  \end{cases}\)

Explain why it makes sense in this situation that the solution of this system is also a solution to \(4w + (\text- 4p) = 8.00 \).

(From Algebra1, Unit 2, Lesson 15.)

Problem 8

Elena is planning to go camping for the weekend and has already spent \$40 on supplies. She goes to the store and buys more supplies.

Which inequality represents \(d\), the total amount in dollars that Elena spends on supplies?

A:

$d > 40 $

B:

$d \geq 40$

C:

$d < 40$

D:

$d \leq 40$

(From Algebra1, Unit 2, Lesson 18.)

Problem 9

Solve this inequality: \(\displaystyle \frac{x-4}3 \geq \frac{x+3}2\)

(From Algebra1, Unit 2, Lesson 19.)

Problem 10

Which graph represents the solution to \(\dfrac{4x-8}3\leq 2x-5\) ?

A:
Inequality graphed on a number line from -10 to 10. At 3.5, closed circle with line extending to the right.
B:
Inequality graphed on a number line from -10 to 10. At 3.5, closed circle with line extending to the left.
C:
Inequality graphed on a number line from -10 to 10. At -3.5, closed circle with line extending to the right.
D:
Inequality graphed on a number line from -10 to 10. At -3.5, closed circle with line extending to the left.
(From Algebra1, Unit 2, Lesson 19.)

Problem 11

Solve \(\text-x < 3\). Explain how to find the solution set.

(From Algebra1, Unit 2, Lesson 20.)