# Lesson 13

Perimeter and Area of Rectangles

## Warm-up: Estimation Exploration: Window Washing (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of an Estimation Exploration is for students to practice the skill of estimating a reasonable answer based on experience and known information. In this lesson they will be finding the perimeter and area of rectangles and their thinking about the size of the windows in this image prepares them for this work.

### Launch

- Groups of 2
- Display the image.
- “What is an estimate that’s too high?” “Too low?” “About right?”
- 1 minute: quiet think time

### Activity

- “Discuss your thinking with your partner.”
- 1 minute: partner discussion
- Record responses.

### Student Facing

What is the area of one window?

Record an estimate that is:

too low | about right | too high |
---|---|---|

\(\phantom{\hspace{2.5cm} \\ \hspace{2.5cm}}\) | \(\phantom{\hspace{2.5cm} \\ \hspace{2.5cm}}\) | \(\phantom{\hspace{2.5cm} \\ \hspace{2.5cm}}\) |

### Student Response

For access, consult one of our IM Certified Partners.

### Activity Synthesis

- “What could you use in the image to help estimate the area of the windows?” (There are the people cleaning the windows. I used the people to estimate the height and width of the windows and then multiplied to find the area.)

## Activity 1: Rectangle Perimeters (15 minutes)

### Narrative

- think geometrically about the perimeter of the rectangle
- look at the table of values for length and width depending on the values they used
- look at the length and width pairs plotted in the coordinate grid

*MLR8 Discussion Supports.*Prior to solving the problems, invite students to make sense of the situations and take turns sharing their understanding with their partner. Listen for and clarify any questions about the context.

*Advances: Reading, Representing*

*Representation: Access for Perception.*Read tasks aloud. Students who both listen to and read the information will benefit from extra processing time.

*Supports accessibility for: Language Conceptual Processing*

### Launch

- Groups of 2

### Activity

- 2 minutes: independent think time
- 5 minutes: partner work time

### Student Facing

length (cm) | width (cm) |
---|---|

- Jada drew a rectangle with a perimeter of 12 centimeters. What could the length and width of Jada’s rectangle be? Use the table to record your answer.
- Plot the length and width of each rectangle on the coordinate grid.
- If Jada drew a square, how long and wide was it?
- If Jada’s rectangle was 2.5 cm long, how wide was it? Plot this point on the coordinate grid.
- If Jada’s rectangle was 3.25 cm long, how wide was it? Plot this point on the coordinate grid.

### Student Response

For access, consult one of our IM Certified Partners.

### Advancing Student Thinking

If students are not sure how to determine the width of Jada’s rectangle, prompt the student to draw a rectangle and ask, “How can you use your drawing to help you fill in the table?”

### Activity Synthesis

- “How did you find the width of Jada's rectangle if it was 3.25 cm long?” (I knew that the length and width together are half the perimeter which is 6 cm. So I subtracted 3.25 from 6 and that was 2.75.)
- “What happens to the width when the length increases by 1? Why?” (The width decreases by one. This makes sense because the sum needs to say the same or else the perimeter changes.)
- “How does the graph show this?” (For each point I plotted, I can go right one and down one and find another possible length and width.)

## Activity 2: Rectangle Areas (20 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is to investigate the possible lengths and widths of a rectangle with given area. Since the area is the product of length and width, this means that the main operation being used here is multiplication or division, contrasting with the previous activity where students investigated the perimeter which is the sum of the side lengths of a rectangle. This means that the calculations are more complex and some of the coordinates of the points that students plot will either be decimals or fractions depending how students express them. There are some important common characteristics between the lengths and widths for a given area and for a given perimeter which will be examined in the activity synthesis (MP7, MP8):

- when the length increases, the width decreases
- the length and width can be switched to get another possible length and width pair

### Launch

- Groups of 2

### Activity

- 2 minutes: independent think time
- 5 minutes: partner work time

### Student Facing

length (cm) | width (cm) |
---|---|

- Jada drew a rectangle with area 16 square centimeters. What could the length and width of Jada’s rectangle be? Use the table to record your answer.
- Plot the length and width of each rectangle on the coordinate grid.
- If Jada’s rectangle was 5 cm long, how wide was it? Plot this point on the coordinate grid.
- If Jada’s rectangle was 3 cm long, how wide was it? Plot this point on the coordinate grid.
- If Jada drew a square, how long and wide was it? Explain how you know.

### Student Response

For access, consult one of our IM Certified Partners.

### Activity Synthesis

- Invite students to share their responses for the width of a rectangle that is 5 cm long.
- “How did you calculate the value?” (I knew that 5 times the width was 16 so the width is \(16 \div 5\) or \(\frac{16}{5}\) cm.)
- “How did you know where to plot that length and width pair?” (I looked for 5 on the horizontal axis and then I had to estimate where \(3\frac{1}{3}\) was on the vertical axis. I put it a little above 3 but closer to 3 than to 4.)
- “How was determining the possible lengths and widths for a given area the same as determining the possible lengths and widths for a given perimeter?” (When the length increases the width decreases. When the width decreases the length increases. I can flip the order of the length and width and get another rectangle.)
- “How are the length and width pairs for rectangles with area 16 different from the length and width pairs for rectangles with perimeter 12?” (I was looking for a total of 16 instead of a total of 12. I have to multiply the side lengths rather than add them. When the length decreases by 1 for the perimeter, the width increases by 1. For area, when the length decreases the width increases but the relationship is more complex.)
- Consider drawing some rectangles with an of area 16 on the coordinate grid with the lower left corner of each rectangle at \((0,0)\). Ask students what the notice about the coordinates of the upper right corners of each rectangle. (They represent the length and width of the corresponding rectangle.)

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

“Today we plotted lengths and widths of rectangles on the coordinate grid.”

Display the graphs from the student solutions to the two activities together.

“How are the graphs the same?” (They both show lengths and widths of rectangles. When the length increases, the width decreases. When the length decreases, the width increases.)

“How are the graphs different?” (The length and width pairs with perimeter 12 are nicely organized. When the length increases by 1 the width decreases by 1. The length and width pairs with area 16 don't follow a clear pattern. I would not be able to guess any other values. I would have to calculate.)

## Cool-down: Area and Perimeter of a Rectangle (5 minutes)

### Cool-Down

For access, consult one of our IM Certified Partners.

## Student Section Summary

### Student Facing

In this section, we generated patterns and recognized relationships between two different patterns.

A | B | C | D | E | F | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

rule 1: Start at 0. Add 8. | 0 | 8 | 16 | 24 | 32 | 40 |

rule 2: Start at 0. Add 2. | 0 | 2 | 4 | 6 | 8 | 10 |

Each number in rule 1 is 4 times the value of the corresponding number in rule 2 and each number in rule 2 is \(\frac{1}{4}\) times the value of the corresponding number in rule 1. We also plotted the rules together on a coordinate grid.

We also used the coordinate plane to represent other situations such as the length and width of rectangles with given area or perimeter.