Lesson 5
Estimate on a Number Line
Warmup: Estimation Exploration: What Number? (10 minutes)
Narrative
The purpose of this Estimation Exploration is for students to practice the skill of making a reasonable estimate for the number represented by a point on a number line. They give a range of reasonable answers when given incomplete information and have the opportunity to revise their thinking as additional information is provided.
After students have made estimates based on the first image, draw a tick mark at the halfway point and label with 20. Students can revise their thinking based on this additional information. Revealing the actual number represented by the point is not necessary because leaving it openended encourages students to focus on reasonableness and not just one right answer.
Launch
 Group of 2
 Display image.
 “The point represents a number on the number line. What number could this be?”
 “What is an estimate that’s too high? Too low? About right?”
 1 minute: quiet think time
Activity
 “Discuss your thinking with your partner.”
 1 minute: partner discussion
 Record responses.
 Draw a tick mark at the halfway mark and label with 20.
 “Based on this new information, do you want to revise, or change, your estimates?”
 1 minute: quiet think time
 1 minute: partner discussion
 Record responses.
Student Facing
What number could this be?
 Record an estimate that is:
too low about right too high \(\phantom{\hspace{2.3cm} \\ \hspace{2.3cm}}\) \(\phantom{\hspace{2.3cm} \\ \hspace{2.3cm}}\) \(\phantom{\hspace{2.3cm} \\ \hspace{2.3cm}}\)  Record an estimate that is:
too low about right too high \(\phantom{\hspace{2.3cm} \\ \hspace{2.3cm}}\) \(\phantom{\hspace{2.3cm} \\ \hspace{2.3cm}}\) \(\phantom{\hspace{2.3cm} \\ \hspace{2.3cm}}\)
Student Response
For access, consult one of our IM Certified Partners.
Activity Synthesis
 “How did the second image help you revise your estimate?” (When I saw it was less than 20, but close to 20, I changed my about right estimate from 14 to 18.)
Activity 1: Estimate the Numbers (15 minutes)
Narrative
The purpose of this activity is for students to estimate the number represented by a point on the number line and justify their reasoning. Encourage students to explain why their estimates are reasonable. Monitor for students who are using the location of other numbers to determine reasonable estimates. Students may choose to estimate and label other numbers (for example, multiples of 5 or 10). For each successive number line, the given tick marks are farther apart so students need to rely more on their understanding of properties of the number line and the accuracy with which they can locate the given numbers depends on how much extra work they do thinking about other numbers which they can locate accurately (MP1).
Advances: Conversing, Reading
Launch
 Groups of 2
Activity
 “Look at each number line and record an estimate of the number that the point represents.”
 5 minutes: independent work time
 “Compare each estimate with your partner and explain why you believe your answer is reasonable.”
 7 minutes: partner work time
 Monitor for students who add tick marks or labels, including multiples of 10 or 5, to help identify the number.
Student Facing

What number could this be? ____________

What number could this be? ____________

What number could this be? ____________

What number could this be? ____________
 Which estimate are you most confident in? Why?
 Which estimate are you least confident in? Why?
Student Response
For access, consult one of our IM Certified Partners.
Advancing Student Thinking
 “How did you decide what number this point represents?”
 “How did you use the numbers that are labeled to help you think about the number represented by the point?”
 “If you know this tick mark represents ___ and this tick mark represents __, how could you locate and label other numbers?”
Activity Synthesis
 “Which estimate are you most confident in? Why?”
 Invite previously identified students to share their strategies for an estimate they are confident in.
 “Which estimates are you least confident in? Why?”
 “What would help you to be more precise with your estimates?” (If I knew more numbers that were closer to the point. If the 10s and 5s were labeled.)
Activity 2: Order the Numbers (20 minutes)
Narrative
The purpose of this activity is for students to locate numbers on a number line without tick marks to represent each number. Students use what they know about multiples of 10, the relative position of numbers on the number line, and comparing length to locate and label a set of numbers on the number line. They start by organizing number cards on a number line and make adjustments to their positions after each card is placed. After they place all of their cards, they locate and label the numbers on the number line. In the synthesis, students compare the number lines that are created and discuss, using the structure of the number line, why some numbers were placed more precisely than others (MP7). This also gives them a chance to construct viable arguments for how they placed the numbers and to critique the reasoning of others (MP3).
This activity uses MLR7 Compare and Connect. Advances: representing, conversing.
Supports accessibility for: Conceptual Processing, Organization
Required Materials
Required Preparation
 Create a number line on chart paper for each group of students.
 On each number line, draw tick marks at the beginning (label 0) and the end (label 40)
 On each number line, draw tick marks and label: 10, 20, 30.
 Create a set of number line cards from the blackline master for each group of 3 (each set should include 10 cards).
Launch
 Groups of 3
 Give each group chart paper, markers, and a set of number cards.
Activity
 “You will be working with your group to arrange the number cards on the number line.”
 “Take turns picking a card and placing it near its spot on the number line.”
 “Explain how you decided where to place your card.”
 “If you think you need to rearrange other cards, explain why.”
 “When you agree that you have placed all the numbers in the right spots, mark each of the numbers on your cards with a point on the number line. Label each point with the number it represents.”
 10 minutes: smallgroup work time
 Consider asking:
 “Why did you place your card there?”
 “Where would you draw a point to represent this number?”
 “Which cards did you choose to place first? Why?”
Student Facing
 Pick a card and place it on the number line.
 Explain your thinking.
 As a group, revise the position of any cards.
 Repeat until all cards are placed.
 Draw and label points to represent each number on the number line.
Student Response
For access, consult one of our IM Certified Partners.
Activity Synthesis
 “Check to make sure all of your numbers are represented in the spots you want them on the number line.”
 1–2 minutes: group work time
 5–7 minutes: gallery walk
 “What is the same and what is different between the different number lines?”
 Consider asking:
 “Which numbers did most groups have in the same spot on their number lines?”
 “Which numbers look like they are in different spots?”
Lesson Synthesis
Lesson Synthesis
Cooldown: What Number Could This Be? (5 minutes)
CoolDown
For access, consult one of our IM Certified Partners.
Student Section Summary
Student Facing
In this section, we learned about the number line. It is like a ruler because it shows numbers as different length units from 0. A number line can be used to represent numbers and show how close or how far they are from 0 and each other. Numbers can be represented by tick marks and points on the number line and increase in value when moving to the right. We used tick marks and counted by 5 and 10 to help us locate and label numbers. We also estimated numbers by thinking about how close they were to zero and other numbers.