# Lesson 14

Let’s Compare

## Warm-up: Choral Count: Plus 10 (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this Choral Count is to invite students to practice counting by 10 and notice patterns in the count. In this warm-up, students have an opportunity to look for and make use of structure (MP7) of whole numbers and the base-ten system because they notice that as they count, the ones place stays the same, and the tens place changes. These understandings help students develop fluency and will be helpful later in this lesson when students compare numbers by looking at the tens place.

### Launch

• “Count by 10, starting at 3.”
• Record as students count.
• Stop counting and recording at 93, then count back by 10.

### Activity

• “What patterns do you see?”
• 1–2 minutes: quiet think time
• Record responses.

### Student Response

For access, consult one of our IM Certified Partners.

### Activity Synthesis

• “Who can restate the pattern in different words?”
• “Does anyone want to add an observation to explain why that pattern is happening here?”

## Activity 1: Which is More? (15 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to determine which number is greater. Students represent their number in any way they choose. Listen for the way students use place value understanding to compare the numbers and the language they use to explain how they know one number is more than the other (MP3, MP6). In the synthesis, students are introduced to the terms greater than and less than.

Representation: Internalize Comprehension. Synthesis: Invite students to identify which details were the most important in comparing the numbers. Display the sentence frame: “The next time I compare numbers, I will pay attention to . . . .“
Supports accessibility for: Conceptual Processing, Memory

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give each group two paper clips and access to connecting cubes in towers of 10 and singles.
• Display 35 and 52.
• 2 minutes: independent work time
• 2 minutes: partner discussion
• “Which is more and how do you know?” (53 is more because it has more tens than 35.)

### Activity

• “Each partner can choose to use Spinner A or B for each turn.”
• 10 minutes: partner work time
MLR2 Collect and Display
• Circulate, listen for, and collect the language students use to build numbers with connecting cubes, decompose numbers into tens and ones, and compare numbers. Listen for: bigger, smaller, more, fewer, greater than, less than, ___ tens, ___ ones, tens place, ones place.
• Record students’ words and phrases on a visual display and update it throughout the lesson.

### Student Facing

• Each partner spins a spinner.
• Each partner shows the number any way they choose.
• Which number is more?

Spinner A:

Spinner B:

### Student Response

For access, consult one of our IM Certified Partners.

### Activity Synthesis

• “Are there any other words or phrases that are important to include on our display?”
• As students share responses, update the display by adding (or replacing) language, diagrams, or annotations.
• Remind students to borrow language from the display as needed.
• Display 93 and 26.
• “Which is more? How do you know?” (93 is more because 9 tens is more than 2 tens.)
• “We can say, ‘93 is greater than 26.’ We can also say, ‘26 is less than 93.’”
• Display 62 and 64.
• “Which number is more? How do you know?” (64 is more. They both have 6 tens but 64 has 4 ones and that is more than the 2 ones in 62.)
• “We can say that 64 is greater than 62. We can also say 62 is less than 64.”

## Activity 2: Elena and Noah Compare Numbers (10 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to attend to the value of the digits when comparing two-digit numbers. Students evaluate and critique comparison statements and the thinking behind them (MP3). They attend to the way other students reason about digits and the language they use to compare, and make revisions to help make arguments more precise and clear (MP3, MP6).

MLR8 Discussion Supports. Synthesis: Some students may benefit from the opportunity to rehearse what they will say with a partner before they share with the whole class.

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• Give students access to connecting cubes in towers of 10 and singles.

### Activity

• 6 minutes: partner work time
• Monitor for students who show their thinking using:
• connecting cubes
• drawings
• words

### Student Facing

1. Elena says 75 is greater than 65 because 7 is greater than 6.
What do you think Elena means?
How could Elena be more clear?

2. Noah says 39 is greater than 41 because it has a 9 and 9 is the greatest number.
Do you agree with Noah?
What could you tell Noah to help him compare these numbers?

### Student Response

For access, consult one of our IM Certified Partners.

If students agree with Elena, but cannot yet articulate how she could revise her thinking, consider asking:

• “Do you agree with Elena? Why?”
• “Can you show the numbers with connecting cubes? What does Elena mean when she says 7 is greater than 6 for these two numbers?”
• “Would Elena’s statement be true if she were comparing 7 and 65? Why or why not?”

### Activity Synthesis

• Invite previously identified students to share.
• “When we compare numbers, it is important to pay attention to what place each digit is in and what value the digit has.”

## Activity 3: Centers: Choice Time (15 minutes)

### Narrative

The purpose of this activity is for students to choose from activities that offer practice working with two-digit numbers. Students choose from any stage of previously introduced centers.

• Write Numbers
• Grab and Count
• Five in a Row

### Required Materials

Materials to Gather

### Required Preparation

• Gather materials from previous centers:
• Write Numbers, Stages 1 and 2
• Grab and count, Stage 2
• Five in a Row, Stages 1–3

### Launch

• Groups of 2
• “Now you are going to choose from centers we have already learned.”
• Display the center choices in the student book.
• “Think about what you would like to do.”
• 30 seconds: quiet think time

### Activity

• Invite students to work at the center of their choice.
• 10 minutes: center work time

Choose a center.

Write Numbers

Grab and Count

Five in a Row

### Activity Synthesis

• “Mai is playing Grab and Count with her partner. She organized her cubes into 4 towers of 10 and 3 ones. Her partner organized her cubes into 2 towers of 10. How many cubes do they have together?”

## Lesson Synthesis

### Lesson Synthesis

Display 44 and 64.

“Today we compared two-digit numbers. Which is greater? How do you know?” (64. 64 has 6 tens and 44 has only 4 tens.)

Display 59 and 54.

“Which is less? How do you know?” (Each has 5 tens, so I have to look at the ones place. 4 ones is less than 9 ones.)

## Cool-down: Unit 4, Section C Checkpoint (0 minutes)

### Cool-Down

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