Lesson 11
Make Them the Same
Lesson Purpose
The purpose of this lesson is for students to represent and solve Compare, Difference Unknown problems, in a way that makes sense to them.
Lesson Narrative
In kindergarten, students compared quantities and answered “Are there enough?” questions. In this lesson, students interpret and solve Compare problems for the first time. Compare problems can be tricky for students because until now, they have only interpreted subtraction as taking apart or taking from. These problems require students to find the difference between quantities. In this lesson, students compare the number of connecting cubes in two towers so they can see the difference as they add or subtract cubes to make both towers have the same number of cubes.
As students explain their thinking, write equations to support connections between Compare problems and addition and subtraction. Building on the work of the previous section, include a box around the difference.
 Engagement
 MLR8
Learning Goals
Teacher Facing
 Solve Compare, Difference Unknown problems, in a way that makes sense to them.
Student Facing
 Let’s make cube towers have the same number of cubes.
Required Materials
Materials to Gather
Required Preparation
Activity 1:
 Create a tower of 9 blue connecting cubes and a tower of 5 red connecting cubes.
 Each group of 2 needs 4 towers of 10 connecting cubes.
Activity 2:
 Gather 1 red tower of 8 connecting cubes, 1 yellow tower of 3 connecting cubes, and a handful of yellow cubes.
 Each group of 2 needs 4 towers of 10 connecting cubes.
Lesson Timeline
Warmup  10 min 
Activity 1  15 min 
Activity 2  20 min 
Lesson Synthesis  10 min 
Cooldown  5 min 
Teacher Reflection Questions
If you were to teach this lesson over again, what activity would you redo? How would your proposed changes support student learning?
Print Formatted Materials
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