Lesson 8

Unknown Exponents

The practice problem answers are available at one of our IM Certified Partners

Problem 1

A pattern of dots grows exponentially. The table shows the number of dots at each step of the pattern.

step number 0 1 2 3
number of dots 1 5 25 125
  1. Write an equation to represent the relationship between the step number, \(n\), and the number of dots, \(y\).
  2. At one step, there are 9,765,625 dots in the pattern. At what step number will that happen? Explain how you know.

Problem 2

A bacteria population is modeled by the equation \(p(h) = 10,\!000 \boldcdot 2^h\), where \(h\) is the number of hours since the population was measured.

About how long will it take for the population to reach 100,000? Explain your reasoning.

Problem 3

Complete the table.

\(x\)     -2 0 \(\frac{1}{3}\) 1    
\(10^x\) \(\frac{1}{10,000}\) \(\frac{1}{1,000}\) \(\frac{1}{100}\) \(\hspace{.6cm}\) \(\hspace{.6cm}\) \(\hspace{.6cm}\) 1,000 1,000,000,000

Problem 4

Here is a graph of \(y = 3^x\).

What is the approximate value of \(x\) satisfying \(3^x = 10,\!000\)? Explain how you know.

Coordinate plane, x, 0 to 9 by 1, y, o to 12,000 by 2,000. Curve through 0 comma 1, 3 comma 27, 4 comma 81, 5 comma 243, 6 comma 729, 7 comma 2,187, 8 comma 6,561, 9 comma 19,683.

Problem 5

One account doubles every 2 years. A second account triples every 3 years. Assuming the accounts start with the same amount of money, which account is growing more rapidly?

Problem 6

How would you describe the output of this graph for:

  1. inputs from 0 to 1
  2. inputs from 3 to 4
Coordinate plane, x, 0 to 4 by 1, y, 0 to 800, by 200. Curve through points at 0 comma 50, 1 comma 100, 2 comma 200, 3 comma 400, 4 comma 800.
(From Algebra2, Unit 4, Lesson 1.)

Problem 7

The half-life of carbon-14 is about 5730 years.

  1. Complete the table, which shows the amount of carbon-14 remaining in a plant fossil at the different times since the plant died.
  2. About how many years will it be until there is 0.1 picogram of carbon-14 remaining in the fossil? Explain how you know.
years picograms
0 3
5730  
\(2 \boldcdot 5730\)  
\(3 \boldcdot 5730\)  
\(4 \boldcdot 5730\)  
(From Algebra2, Unit 4, Lesson 7.)