Lesson 13
Make 10
Lesson Purpose
Lesson Narrative
In previous lessons, students used 10frames and fingers to compose and decompose 10 in more than one way. In the previous lesson, students used the structure of a partially filled in 10frame to determine how many more needed to be added to make 10. In this lesson, students develop strategies for finding the number that makes 10 when added to a given number.
While students may use any method that makes sense to them to find the given number, using 10frames and fingers is highlighted because the structure allows students to see how many more are needed to make 10. As they choose a strategy, they will be making use of appropriate tools strategically (MP5).
 Engagement
 MLR8
Learning Goals
Teacher Facing
 Fill in equations to represent compositions and decompositions of 10.
 Find the number that makes 10 when added to a given number.
Student Facing
 Let’s make 10.
Required Materials
Materials to Gather
Materials to Copy
 10Frame Standard
 Number Mat 1–9
 Math Fingers Stage 4 Recording Sheet
Required Preparation
Activity 3:
 Gather materials from:
 Math Fingers, Stages 14
 Shake and Spill, Stages 13
 Counting Collections, Stage 1
 Roll and Add, Stages 1 and 2
Lesson Timeline
Warmup  10 min 
Activity 1  10 min 
Activity 2  15 min 
Activity 3  15 min 
Lesson Synthesis  10 min 
Cooldown  5 min 
Teacher Reflection Questions
Print Formatted Materials
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Additional Resources
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