Lesson 10

Introduce the 10-frame

Lesson Purpose

The purpose of this lesson is for students to understand the 10-frame as 2 combined 5-frames and to relate the 10-frame to fingers on two hands.

Lesson Narrative

In previous lessons and units, students represented numbers 1–10 on 5-frames. The structure of the 5-frame encouraged students to see numbers 6–9 in relation to 5. In this lesson, students create a 10-frame and begin to see numbers 1–9 in relation to 10. This lesson also connects the 10-frame with fingers on 2 hands. With repeated experience, students may be able to recognize quantities on a 10-frame without counting, or by counting on from 5 (MP7, MP8).

The 10-frame will be an important tool in upcoming lessons as students compose and decompose 10 in multiple ways and find the number that makes 10 when added to a given number.

  • Representation
  • MLR8

Learning Goals

Teacher Facing

  • Recognize a 10-frame as being composed of two 5-frames.

Student Facing

  • Let’s make and use 10-frames.

Required Materials

Materials to Gather

Materials to Copy

  • Numbers on Fingers and 10-frames
  • 5-Frames to Cut Out

Required Preparation

Activity 3:

  • Gather materials from: 
    • Shake and Spill, Stages 1–3
    • Counting Collections, Stage 1
    • Roll and Add, Stages 1 and 2

CCSS Standards

Addressing

Lesson Timeline

Warm-up 10 min
Activity 1 15 min
Activity 2 10 min
Activity 3 20 min
Lesson Synthesis 10 min
Cool-down 0 min

Teacher Reflection Questions

In the next several lessons, students will find different ways to compose and decompose 10. The structure to the 10-frame can help students organize and understand these compositions and decompositions. How does organizing the counters on the 10-frame from left to right, top to bottom support this work?

Print Formatted Materials

For access, consult one of our IM Certified Partners.

Additional Resources

Google Slides

For access, consult one of our IM Certified Partners.

PowerPoint Slides

For access, consult one of our IM Certified Partners.