Lesson 8

Sine and Cosine in the Same Right Triangle

The practice problem answers are available at one of our IM Certified Partners

Problem 1

Select all the true equations. 

A:

$\cos(15)=\sin(15)$

B:

$\cos(75)=\sin(15)$

C:

$\cos(75)=\cos(15)$

D:

$\cos(15)=\sin(75)$

E:

$\tan(15)=\tan(75)$

Problem 2

Write 2 expressions that can be used to find the value of \(x\).

Right triangle A B C with right angle C. Angle A is 25 degrees and angle B is 65 degrees. Side A B is 11, B C is y and A C is x.

Problem 3

Andre and Mai are discussing how to solve for side \(AB\). Andre thinks he can use the equation \(\tan(12)=\frac{x}{6}\) to solve for \(AB\). Mai thinks she can use the equation \(\tan(78)=\frac{6}{x}\) to solve for \(AB\). Do you agree with either of them? Show or explain your reasoning. 

Triangle A, B C. Angle A is right. Angle C is 12 degrees. Side A, C length 6, side A, B length x.

Problem 4

Technology required. Jada is visiting New York City to see the Empire State building. She is 100 feet away when she spots it. To see the top, she has to look up at an angle of 86.1 degrees. How tall is the Empire State building?

(From Geometry, Unit 4, Lesson 7.)

Problem 5

Technology required. Find the missing measurements in triangle \(ABC\).

Right triangle abc. Side BC = 9 units, angle C = 35 degrees. Angle a = 90 degrees 
(From Geometry, Unit 4, Lesson 7.)

Problem 6

Right triangle \(ABC\) is shown. 

Write 2 expressions which are equal to the length of side \(BC\).

Triangle A B C. Angle C is a right angle, angle B is 55 degrees, A C is 4 point 9 units, and A B is 6 units.
(From Geometry, Unit 4, Lesson 6.)

Problem 7

A triangle has sides with lengths 7, 24, and 25.

  1. Verify this is a Pythagorean triple.
  2. Approximate the acute angles in this triangle.
(From Geometry, Unit 4, Lesson 5.)

Problem 8

Priya is playing hand ball and wants the ball to bounce off wall \(CB\) and land at \(D\). The court is 20 feet wide and 34 feet deep. Where on the wall should she aim if she's standing at point \(A\)?

Rectangular handball court.
(From Geometry, Unit 3, Lesson 16.)