# Lesson 1

Congruent Parts, Part 1

- Let’s figure out what the corresponding sides and angles in figures have to do with congruence.

### 1.1: Notice and Wonder: Transformed Rectangles

What do you notice? What do you wonder?

### 1.2: If We Know This, Then We Know That...

Triangle \(ABC\) is congruent to triangle \(DEF\).

- Find a sequence of rigid motions that takes triangle \(ABC\) to triangle \(DEF\).
- What is the image of segment \(BC\) after that transformation?
- Explain how you know those segments are congruent.
- Justify that angle \(ABC\) is congruent to angle \(DEF\).

For each figure, draw additional line segments to divide the figure into 2 congruent polygons. Label any new vertices and identify the corresponding vertices of the congruent polygons.

### 1.3: Making Quadrilaterals

- Draw a triangle.
- Find the midpoint of the longest side of your triangle.
- Rotate your triangle \(180^{\circ}\) using the midpoint of the longest side as the center of the rotation.
- Label the
**corresponding**parts and mark what must be congruent. - Make a conjecture and justify it.
- What type of quadrilateral have you formed?
- What is the definition of that quadrilateral type?
- Why must the quadrilateral you have fit the definition?

### Summary

If a part of the image matches up with a part of the original figure, we call them **corresponding** parts. The part could be an angle, point, or side. We can find corresponding angles, corresponding points, or corresponding sides.

If 2 figures are *not* congruent, then there is *not* a rigid transformation that takes one figure onto the other. If 2 figures are congruent, then there is a rigid transformation that takes one figure onto the other. The same rigid transformation can also be applied to individual parts of the figure, such as segments and angles, because rigid transformations move every point on the plane. Therefore, the corresponding parts of 2 congruent figures are congruent to each other.

Knowing that corresponding parts of congruent figures are congruent can help prove that 2 line segments or 2 angles are congruent, if they are corresponding parts of congruent figures.

### Glossary Entries

**corresponding**For a rigid transformation that takes one figure onto another, a part of the first figure and its image in the second figure are called corresponding parts. We also talk about corresponding parts when we are trying to prove two figures are congruent and set up a correspondence between the parts to see if the parts are congruent.

In the figure, segment \(AB\) corresponds to segment \(DE\), and angle \(BCA\) corresponds to angle \(EFD\).