Lesson 8

Using Technology for Constructions

  • Let’s use technology to construct a diagram.

8.1: How Do Digital Construction Tools Work?

Open the Constructions App in the Math Tools (or at ggbm.at/C9acgzUx).

Try all the tools in the workspace.

  1. Find the Undo button.

    undo

    Geogebra undo button. 
  2. Click on the image of 3 stacked segments, the Main Menu, to save your work or go to a new page.

    main menu

    geogebra menu button
  3. Which tools do the same work as a straightedge?
  4. The Constructions App has 3 tools to make a point. To learn about them, open the applet at ggbm.at/cuupdskk. In this applet, all 3 point tools have been used.
    1. Drag each point and each line around to see what happens in the Graphics View on the right.
    2. Look at the way the points are defined in the Algebra View on the left.
    3. Explain how each definition is related to the behavior of the corresponding point .
  5. There are several ways to use the compass tool. First, set up a workspace that looks something like the image:
    1. Open a new blank page in the Constructions App.
    2. Draw circle \(A\) through point \(B\).
    3. Draw segment \(CD\) not intersecting the circle centered at \(A\).
    4. Draw point \(E\) not intersecting the circle centered at \(A\) or segment \(CD.\)
    A rectangle with point E, line segment CD, circle A, and point B on the circle.
  6. Select the compass tool and then click on segment \(CD.\) What happens?
  7. Now click on the point \(E.\) What happens?
  8. Make a new segment \(EF\) that is the same length as \(CD\).
  9. Make a circle with the same radius as the circle centered at  \(A\).
  10. Explain how the digital compass tool is the same and how it is different from a physical compass.

8.2: Digital Compass and Straightedge Construction

Use the Constructions App in the Math Tool Kit to create one or more of these figures:

  • a perpendicular bisector of line segment \(AB\)
  • an equilateral triangle
  • a regular hexagon
  • a square
  • a square inscribed in a circle
  • two congruent, right triangles that do not share a side

In order for your construction to be successful, it has to be impossible to mess it up by dragging a point. Make sure to test your constructions.

8.3: More Helpful Digital Tools

When you open the GeoGebra Geometry App geogebra.org/geometry, you’ll see some basic tools. Click on the word “MORE” and you’ll see some categories of tools, including “Construct” tools.

perpendicular line tool

geogebra perpendicular line tool 

parallel line tool

geogebra parallel line tool
  1. Construct a line or a line segment and an additional point that is not on it. Then try the perpendicular line tool and the parallel line tool. Use the move tool to drag some points around, and observe what happens.
  2. Use any of the digital tools to create one or more of these figures. Test your constructions by dragging a point.
    1. parallelogram
    2. rectangle
    3. rhombus
    4. square

Summary

We will start with a small set of tools. The GeoGebra Constructions App can be found at https://ggbm.at/C9acgzUx. These are the GeoGebra tools that do the same jobs as a pencil, a compass, and a straightedge.

Three pencil tools:

free point

geogebra point tool 

point plotted on object

geogebra point plotted on object tool 

point of intersection of objects

geogebra point of intersection of objects tool

 

Four straightedge tools:

line

geogebra line tool

segment

Geogebra construct segment tool.

ray

Geogebra construct ray tool.

polygon

Geogebra construct polygon tool.

 

Two compass tools:

circle with center through point

geogebra circle with center through point tool

compass

geogebra compass tool

The GeoGebra Geometry App is at https://www.geogebra.org/geometry. Click “MORE” to see the hidden categories of tools. Instead of doing each step of a construction, GeoGebra Geometry will perform all the steps of the constructions on our inventory. It has commands for perpendicular lines, parallel lines, and more!

perpendicular line tool

geogebra perpendicular line tool 

parallel line tool

geogebra parallel line tool

Glossary Entries

  • angle bisector

    A line through the vertex of an angle that divides it into two equal angles.

  • circle

    A circle of radius \(r\) with center \(O\) is the set of all points that are a distance \(r\) units from \(O\)

    To draw a circle of radius 3 and center \(O\), use a compass to draw all the points at a distance 3 from \(O\).

  • conjecture

    A reasonable guess that you are trying to either prove or disprove.

  • inscribed

    We say a polygon is inscribed in a circle if it fits inside the circle and every vertex of the polygon is on the circle. We say a circle is inscribed in a polygon if it fits inside the polygon and every side of the polygon is tangent to the circle.

     

  • line segment

    A set of points on a line with two endpoints.

  • parallel

    Two lines that don't intersect are called parallel. We can also call segments parallel if they extend into parallel lines.

  • perpendicular bisector

    The perpendicular bisector of a segment is a line through the midpoint of the segment that is perpendicular to it. 

  • regular polygon

    A polygon where all of the sides are congruent and all the angles are congruent.