Lesson 23
Using Quadratic Expressions in Vertex Form to Solve Problems
 Let’s find the maximum or minimum value of a quadratic function.
Problem 1
Here is a graph of a quadratic function \(f(x)\). What is the minimum value of \(f(x)\)?
Problem 2
The graph that represents \(f(x) = (x+1)^24\) has its vertex at \((\text1,\text4)\).
Explain how we can tell from the expression \((x+1)^24\) that 4 is the minimum value of \(f\) rather than the maximum value.
Problem 3
Each expression here defines a quadratic function. Find the vertex of the graph of the function. Then, state whether the vertex corresponds to the maximum or the minimum value of the function.
 \((x  5)^2 + 6\)
 \((x + 5)^2  1\)
 \(\text 2(x+3)^2  10\)
 \(3(x  7)^2 + 11\)
 \(\text (x  2)^2  2\)
 \((x + 1)^2\)
Problem 4
Consider the equation \(x^2=12x\).
 Can we use the quadratic formula to solve this equation? Explain or show how you know.
 Is it easier to solve this equation by completing the square or by rewriting it in factored form and using the zero product property? Explain or show your reasoning.
Problem 5
Match each equation to the number of solutions it has.
Problem 6
Which equation has irrational solutions?
\(100x^2=9\)
\(9(x1)^2=4\)
\(4x^21=0\)
\(9(x+3)^2=27\)
Problem 7
Let \(I\) represent an irrational number and let \(R\) represent a rational number. Decide if each statement is true or false. Explain your thinking.
 \(R \boldcdot I\) can be rational.
 \(I \boldcdot I\) can be rational.
 \(R \boldcdot R\) can be rational.
Problem 8
Here are graphs of the equations \(y=x^2\), \(y=(x3)^2\), and \(y=(x3)^2 + 7\).

How do the 3 graphs compare?
 How does the 3 in \((x3)^2\) affect the graph?
 How does the +7 in \((x3)^2 + 7 \) affect the graph?
Problem 9
Three $5,000 loans have different annual interest rates. Loan A charges 10.5% annual interest, Loan B charges 15.75%, and Loan C charges 18.25%.
 If we graph the amount owed as a function of years without payment, what would the three graphs look like? Describe or sketch your prediction.
 Use technology to graph each function. Based on your graphs, if no payments are made, about how many years will it take for the unpaid balance of each loan to triple?